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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the study participants

From: Profile of red blood cell morphologies and causes of anaemia among pregnant women at first clinic visit in the mount Cameroon area: a prospective cross sectional study

Variables Categories n %
Age groups (279) ≤ 20 80 28.7
21–25 95 34.1
25 104 37.3
Gravidity groups (276) Primigravidae 74 26.8
Secundigravidae 94 34.1
Multigravidae 108 39.1
Trimester of first ANC (277) First 9 3.2
Second 152 54.9
Third 116 41.9
  N Mean ± SD Interquartile range
Hb levels (µg/dl) 279 10.7 ± 1.6 9.7 11.9
Hct 279 32.8 ± 4.5 30 35.3
MCV (fl) 279 85.8 ± 7.8 82 90
MCH 279 27.8 ± 3.1 26 30
MCHC 279 32.4 ± 1.7 31.4 33.6
RBCs × 1012/l 279 3.9 ± 0.6 3.6 4.1
RDW-CV (%) 279 15.6 ± 2.3 14.1 16.4
Geometric mean parasite density (µl) (GMPD) 61 533.1 29.6 18,570.6
  n %
Anaemia prevalence 159 57
Anaemia severity
 Severe 4 1.4
 Moderate 83 29.7
 Mild 72 25.8
Microcytosis 41 14.7
Macrocytosis 3 1.1
Hypochromasia 91 32.6
Malaria parasite infection (N = 279) 61 21.9
Malaria prevalence (N = 238) 36 15.1