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Table 2 Comparison of mean levels of Hb MCH, MCHC, MCV, RBCs, Ht and RDW-CV among anaemic cases, malaria-related, non-malaria and non-anaemic cases

From: Profile of red blood cell morphologies and causes of anaemia among pregnant women at first clinic visit in the mount Cameroon area: a prospective cross sectional study

Anaemic status/red blood cell indices Hb (g/dl) MCH (pg) MCHC (g/dl) MCV (fl) RBC (× 1012/l) Ht (%) RDW-CV (%)
$All anaemic cases 9.6 ± 1.0 26.8 ± 3.4 31.8 ± 1.6 84.5 ± 8.9 3.6 ± 0.5 29.9 ± 3.3 16.2 ± 2.5
*Malaria-related anaemia (n = 37) 9.5 ± 1.2 27.7 ± 3.6 32.0 ± 1.3 86.7 ± 10.3 3.5 ± 0.5 29.5 ± 2.7 16.0 ± 1.8
&Non-malaria anaemia (n = 122) 9.6 ± 1.0 26.3 ± 3.2 31.7 ± 1.7 83.8 ± 8.4 3.6 ± 0.5 30.1 ± 3.4 16.2 ± 2.7
#Non-anaemic (n = 120) 12.2 ± 0.9 29.2 ± 2.1 33.4 ± 1.3 87.7 ± 5.6 4.2 ± 0.4 36.4 ± 2.8 14.9 ± 1.9
  1. Statistical significant difference between $ and #: Hb (t = 21.5; p < 0.001), MCH (t = 6.9; p < 0.001), MCHC (t = 9.1; p < 0.001), MCV (t = 3.5; p = p < 0.001) RBC (t = 10.7; p < 0.001), Hct (t = 17.4; p < 0.001), RDW-CV (t = 5.0; p < 0.001) levels
  2. No statistical significant difference between * and &: Hb (t = 0.8; p = 0.42), MCH (t = 1.9; p = 0.07), MCHC (t = 1.0; p = 0.33), MCV (t = 1.7; p = 0.09), RBC (t =1.7; p = 0.09), Hct (t = 0.9; p = 0.36) and RDW-CV (t = 0.5; p = 0.65) levels
  3. Statistical significant difference between * and #: Hb (t = 14.8; p < 0.001), MCH (t = 3.2; p = 0.002), MCHC (t = 5.7; p < 0.001), RBC (t = 8.5; p < 0.001), Hct (t = 13.1; p < 0.001), RDW-CV (t = 3.6; p < 0.001) except MCV (t = 0.7; p = 0.45) levels
  4. Statistical significant difference between & and #: Hb (t = 20.2; p < 0.001), MCH (t = 7.5; p = 0.002), MCHC (t = 8.7; p < 0.001), MCV (t = 4.2; p = p < 0.001) RBC (t = 9.6; p < 0.001), Hct (t = 15.9; p < 0.001), RDW-CV (t = 4.7; p < 0.001) levels