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Table 2 Hypertension prevalence across behavioral and dietary characteristics of respondents in Jigjiga city October–November 2014

From: Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables n Percent Hypertensive (%)
Positive family history of hypertension
 Yes 82 16.8% 56.1
 No 405 83.2% 22.7
Positive family history of DM
 Yes 64 13.1% 31.2
 No 423 86.9% 27.9
Known DM patient
 Yes 16 3.3% 68.8
 No 471 96.7% 27.0
Smoking history
 Nonsmoker 410 84.2% 26.8
 Previous smoker 10 2.1% 20.0
 Current smoker 67 13.8% 38.8
Do you drink alcohol?
 Yes 131 26.9% 34.4
 No 356 73.1% 26.1
Do you chew chat?
 Yes 182 37.4% 31.9
 No 305 62.6% 26.2
Physical activity
 Low 264 58.0 26.9
 Medium 124 27.3 27.4
 High 67 14.7 31.3
Central obesity
 Non obese 152 31.2 25.0
 Obese 335 68.8 29.9
BMI (Kg/m2)
 < 25 328 67.4 22.6
 ≥ 25 159 32.6 40.3
Frequency of eating per day
 ≤ 3 times 386 79.3 26.7
 > 3 times 101 20.7 34.7
Frequency of eating oil and fatty foods
 Not frequent 296 60.8 25.3
 Frequent 191 39.2 33.0
Frequency of eating sugar and sweets
 Not frequent 355 72.9 30.7
 Frequent 132 27.1 22.0