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Table 3 Factors associated with Hypertension among adults in Jigjiga city, October–November 2014

From: Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables Status of hypertension, n (%) COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Hypertensive Non-hypertensive
Physical activity
 Low 71 (26.9) 193 (73.1) 0.8 (0.5, 1.4) 0.9 (0.5, 2.0)
 Medium 34 (27.4) 90 (72.6) 0.8 (0.4, 1.6) 0.7 (0.3, 1.5)
 High 21 (31.3) 46 (68.7) 1 1
Central obesity
 Non obese 38 (25.2) 113 (74.8) 1 1
 Obese 99 (29.6) 235 (70.4) 1.3 (0.8, 1.9) 1.0 (0.6, 1.8)
BMI (Kg/m2)
 < 25 74 (53.6) 254 (72.8) 1 1
 ≥ 25 64 (46.4) 95 (27.2) 2.3 (1.5, 3.5) 2.0 (1.1, 3.5)*
Sex
 Male 74 (31.1) 164 (68.9) 1.3 (0.9, 1.9) 2.4 (1.3, 4.3)*
 Female 64 (25.7) 185 (74.3) 1 1
Age (years)
 25–34 60 (21.1) 225 (78.9) 1 1
 35–44 38 (30.4) 87 (69.6) 1.6 (1.1, 2.6) 0.6 (0.3, 1.2)
 45–54 20 (41.7) 28 (58.3) 2.7 (1.4, 5.1) 1.5 (0.6, 3.5)
 55–65 20 (69.0) 9 (31.0) 8.3 (3.6, 19.2) 2.1 (0.6, 7.9)
Educational status
 Grade 12 or lower 91 (32.5) 189 (67.5) 1.6 (1.1, 2.5) 2.2 (1.2, 3.9)*
 Above grade 12 47 (22.7) 160 (77.3) 1 1
Income (birr)
 Low level 21 (15.1) 118 (84.9) 1 1
 Medium level 50 (31.8) 107 (68.2) 2.6 (1.5, 4.7) 1.9 (0.9, 3.7)
 High level 46 (38.0) 75 (62.0) 3.4 (1.9, 6.2) 3.1 (1.5, 6.3)*
Family history of Hypertension
 Yes 46 (56.1) 36 (43.9) 4.4 (2.7, 7.1) 5.7 (3.0, 10.9)**
 No 92 (22.7) 313 (77.3) 1 1
DM status
 Diabetic 11 (68.8) 5 (31.2) 6.0 (2.0, 17.5) 3.9 (0.9, 17.5)
 Non diabetic 127 (27.0) 344 (73.0) 1 1
Frequency of eating deep fries
 Not frequent 46 (35.4) 84 (64.6) 1 1
 Frequent 92 (25.8) 265 (74.2) 0.6 (0.4, 0.9) 0.7 (0.3, 1.3)
  1. ** Significance level of < 0.001 * Significance level of < 0.05