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Table 3 Knowledge, attitude and practices and water, sanitary and hygiene practices of parents that predispose PSAC to infection

From: Schistosomiasis, intestinal helminthiasis and nutritional status among preschool-aged children in sub-urban communities of Abeokuta, Southwest, Nigeria

KAP of parents Number (%)
Knowledge about schistosomiasis (N = 104)
 Yes 35 (33.7)
Exposure of PSAC to Ogun River (N = 167)
 Yes 103 (61.7)
Age of first exposure (N = 103)
 At birth 15 (14.5)
 Before first year 52 (50.5)
 2–5 years 36 (35.0)
Major activity exposing PSAC to infection source (N = 104)
 Bathing 21 (20.2)
 Washing 9 (8.7)
 Fetching 5 (4.8)
 Recreational 4 (3.8)
 Bathing and washing 10 (9.6)
 Washing and fetching 2 (1.9)
 Others 4 (3.8)
Means of exposure to water from river (N = 66)a
 Child was taken to the river 20 (30.3)
 Water from the river used to bathe child at home 42 (63.6)
 Child goes to river by himself 4 (6.1)
Hand washing practice before feeding PSAC (NE = 41)b
 Yes 37 (90.2)
Frequency of deworming preschool-aged children (N = 104)
 Always 42 (40.4)
 Rarely 32 (30.8)
 Never 30 (28.8)
Do you clean your child hand after defaecation?
 Yes, with water 52 (50.0)
 Yes, with water and soap 33 (31.7)
  1. PSAC Pre-school aged children
  2. aQuestion answered by parents of preschool-aged children that were exposed to infection source
  3. bParents of breastfeeding preschool-aged children
Water, sanitary and hygiene practices of PSAC Number (%)
Type of toilet facility used
 Water closet 34 (20.4)
 Pit with slab 81 (48.5)
 Open pit latrine 22 (13.2)
 Bush 27 (16.2)
 River 3 (1.8)
Main water source for domestic use
 Tap 83 (49.7)
 River 22 (13.2)
 Well 5 (3.0)
 Multiple source 57 (34.1)
PSAC picking food/objects from the ground
 Yes 53 (31.7)
Hand washing practices of PSAC before eating
 Yes, with water 70 (41.9)
 Yes, with water and soap 15 (9.0)
 No, not applicable 82 (49.1)
Preschool-aged children with dirty finger (NE = 167)
 Dirty 106 (63.5)
 Clean 61 (36.5)
PSAC with trimmed fingernails (NE = 167)
 Trimmed 99 (59.3)
 Not trimmed 68 (40.7)
PSAC that had slippers/shoes (NE = 104)
 Yes 96 (92.3)
Frequency of wearing slippers/shoes in PSAC
 Always 58 (55.8)
 Seldom 38 (36.5)
 Don’t wear 8 (7.7)
  1. PSAC Pre-school aged children
  2. aQuestion answered by parents of preschool-aged children that were exposed to infection source
  3. bParents of breastfeeding preschool-aged children