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Table 3 Factors associated with treatment success rate TB cases at JGH (July 2004–June 2014)

From: A retrospective study on tuberculosis treatment outcomes at Jinka General Hospital, southern Ethiopia

Characteristics Total
N (%)
Treatment success N (%) Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P value
Sex
 Female 465 (39.7) 365 (78.5) 1.00 1.00  
 Male 707 (60.3) 503 (71.1) 0.68 (0.51–0.89) 0.70 (0.52–0.93) 0.013
Age in years
 < 15 145 (12.4) 106 (73.1) 1.00 1.00  
 15–24 254 (21.7) 200 (78.7) 1.36 (0.85–2.19) 1.30 (0.79–2.14) 0.301
 25–34 365 (31.1) 272 (74.5) 1.08 (0.70–1.66) 1.18 (0.74–1.87) 0.493
 35–44 218 (18.6) 161 (73.9) 1.04 (0.65–1.67) 1.13 (0.68–1.86) 0.645
 45–54 96 (8.2) 60 (62.5) 0.61 (0.35–1.07) 0.63 (0.35–1.13) 0.122
 ≥ 55 94 (8.0) 69 (73.4) 1.02 (0.57–1.83) 1.04 (0.56–1.91) 0.912
TB patients category
 New TB cases 1038 (88.6) 758 (73.0) 1.00 1.00  
 Re-treatment TB cases 87 (7.4) 67 (77.0) 1.24 (0.74–2.08) 0.94 (0.55–1.62) 0.831
 Transfer-in TB cases 47 (4.0) 43 (91.5) 3.97 (1.41–11.16) 3.79 (1.31–10.92) 0.014
Type of TB
 PTB− 610 (52.0) 436 (71.5) 1.00 1.00  
 PTB+ 281 (24.0) 227 (80.8) 1.68 (1.19–2.37) 1.81 (1.24–2.64) 0.002
 EPTB 281 (24.0) 205 (73.0) 1.08 (0.78–1.48) 1.19 (0.84–1.68) 0.328
HIV test result
 Non reactive 535 (45.6) 422 (78.9) 1.00 1.00  
 Reactive 235 (20.1) 166 (70.6) 0.64 (0.45–0.91) 0.67 (0.45–0.98) 0.036
 Unknown 402 (34.3) 280 (69.7) 0.62 (0.46–0.83) 0.81 (0.44–1.49) 0.492
Year of registration for TB treatment
 July 2004–June 2005 82 (7.0) 53 (64.6) 1.00 1.00  
 July 2005–June 2006 109 (9.3) 72 (66.1) 1.07 (0.58–1.94) 1.17 (0.63–2.18) 0.614
 July 2006–June 2007 146 (12.5) 104 (71.2) 1.36 (0.76–2.41) 1.62 (0.89–2.93) 0.114
 July 2007–June 2008 153 (13.1) 119 (77.8) 1.92 (1.06–3.46) 2.29 (1.03–5.09) 0.043
 July 2008–June 2009 123 (10.5) 103 (83.7) 2.82 (1.46–5.45) 3.29 (1.38–7.84) 0.007
 July 2009–June 2010 139 (11.9) 111 (79.9) 2.17 (1.17–4.01) 2.53 (1.11–5.75) 0.027
 July 2010–June 2011 179 (15.3) 141 (78.8) 2.03 (1.14–3.62) 2.37 (1.03–5.45) 0.042
 July 2011–June 2012 105 (9.0) 72 (68.6) 1.19 (0.65–2.20) 1.36 (0.59–3.14) 0.474
 July 2012–June 2013 63 (5.4) 53 (84.1) 2.90 (1.29–6.54) 2.78 (1.01–7.66) 0.048
 July 2013–June 2014 73 (6.2) 40 (54.8) 0.66 (0.35–1.27) 0.65 (0.26–1.60) 0.348
  1. Italic values to show significance