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Table 2 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis of factors associated with still birth in Mizan-Tepi university teaching and Bonga hospitals town (n = 540), May 2016

From: Determinants of stillbirth in Bonga General and Mizan Tepi University Teaching Hospitals southwestern Ethiopia, 2016: a case–control study

Variable Still birth COR, 95% CI AOR, 95% CI
No (%**) Yes (%**)
Attending ANC
 No 12 7 (65.8) 66 (34.2) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 278 (80.1) 69 (19.9) 0.48 (0.32, 0.71)* 0.6 (0.39, 0.94)*
Length of labor (h)
 < 24 355 (78.7) 96 (21.3) 1.00 1.00
 ≥ 24 50 (58.2) 39 (43.8) 2.88 (1.79, 4.64)* 2.44 (1.4, 4.26)*
Post-term pregnancy
 No 397 (74.9) 133 (25.1) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 8 (80) 2 (20) 0.75 (0.16, 3.56) 0.83 (0.13, 5.19)
Presence of HIV/AIDS
 No 396 (74.7) 134 (25.3) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 9 (90) 1 (10) 0.33 (0.04, 2.62) 0.43 (0.02, 10.15)
Anemia
 No 398 (75.2) 131 (24.8) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 7 (63.6) 4 (36.4) 1.74 (0.5, 6.02) 0.72 (0.05, 11.48)
Multiple gestation
 No 392 (75.4) 128 (24.6) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 13 (65) 7 (35) 1.65 (0.64, 4.22) 0.41 (0.1, 1.68)
Uterine rupture
 No 397 (77.1) 118 (22.9) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 8 (32) 17 (68) 7.15 (3.01, 16.98)* 4.9 (1.67, 14.35)*
Presence of co-morbidity
 No 387 (75.2) 128 (24.8) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 18 (72) 7 (28) 1.18 (0.48, 2.88) 1.1 (0.1, 11.82)
PIH
 No 388 (75) 129 (25) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 17 (73.9) 6 (26.1) 1.06 (0.41, 2.95) 0.84 (0.27, 2.59)
Antenatal risks (APH placenta previa and abruption placenta)
 No 368 (78) 103 (22) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 37 (53.6) 32 (46.4) 3.09 (1.83, 5.2)* 4.58 (1.45, 14.48)*
OL
 No 383 (76.8) 116 (23.2) 1.00 1.00
 Yes 22 (53.7) 19 (46.3) 2.85 (1.49, 5.45)* 1.4 (0.59, 3.28)
Weight of the new born (kg)
 < 2.5 13 (37.1) 22 (62.9) 1.00 1.00
 ≥ 2.5 392 (77.6) 113 (22.4) 0.17 (0.08, 0.35)* 0.27 (0.14, 0.53)*
Age (years)
 < 20 50 (80.6) 12 (19.4) 0.24 (0.1, 0.6)* 1.68 (0.59, 4.81)
 20–34 338 (76) 106 (24) 0.31 (0.15, 0.64)* 1.6 (0.72, 3.57)
 > 34 17 (50) 17 (50) 1.00 1.00
Gravidity
 ≤ 2 349 (79.1) 92 (20.9) 0.25 (0.12, 0.52)* 0.51 (0.23, 1.14)
 3–4 41 (60.3) 27 (39.7) 0.62 (0.26, 1.45) 0.96 (0.4, 2.27)
 ≥ 5 15 (48.4) 16 (51.6) 1.00 1.00
  1. ANC antenatal care, PIH pregnancy induced hypertension
  2. * Shows variable that are significantly associated
  3. ** Percentage is calculated from row total