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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showing factors associated with nasal colonization by S. aureus among pre-school children, Debre Markos, North Ethiopia, 2015

From: Nasal colonization and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Staphylococcus aureus among pre-school children in Ethiopia

Variable Presence of S. aureus Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P value
No (%) Yes (%)
Child admitted to hospital in the previous 12 months
 Yes 20 (5.0) 81 (20.2) 2.29 (1.24, 4.28) 1.96 (1.03, 3.73) 0.040
 No 29 (7.2) 270 (67.5) 1 1  
Skin/soft tissue infection      
 Yes 19 (4.8) 88 (22.0) 1.89 (1.02, 3.53)   
 No 30 (7.5) 263 (65.8) 1   
Having recurrent AOM
 Yes 12 (3.0) 45 (11.2) 2.21 (1.07, 4.54) 2.37 (1.11, 5.06) 0.026
 No 37 (9.2) 306 (76.5) 1 1  
Cough in the previous 30 days
 Yes 34 (8.5) 177 (44.2) 2.23 (1.17, 4.24) 2.09 (1.08, 4.09) 0.029
 No 15 (3.8) 174 (43.5) 1 1  
Family member with wound in the previous 12 months
 Yes 18 (4.5) 76 (19.0) 2.10 (1.12, 3.96)   
 No 31 (7.8) 275 (68.8) 1   
Child use of antibiotic in the previous 12 months
 Yes 18 (4.5) 183 (45.8) 1.88 (1.01, 3.48)   
 No 31 (7.8) 168 (42.0) 1   
  1. Backward stepwise logistic regression