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Table 1 Characteristics of First Nations Bone Health Study participants

From: Health-related quality of life for First Nations and Caucasian women in the First Nations Bone Health Study

Characteristic First Nations (N = 335) n (%) Caucasian (N = 372) n (%) p value
Age (years)   0.001
 25–39 142 (42.4) 116 (31.2)  
 40–59 136 (40.6) 154 (41.4)  
 60–75 57 (17.0) 102 (27.4)  
Region of residence   0.001
 Urban 212 (63.3) 182 (48.9)  
 Rural, south 61 (18.2) 87 (23.4)  
 Rural, north 62 (18.5) 103 (27.7)  
Highest level of completed education   0.001
 < Grade 9 38 (11.3) 12 (3.2)  
 Grade 9–13, without certificate/diploma 89 (26.6) 65 (17.5)  
 High school certificate/diploma 42 (12.5) 65 (17.5)  
 University, trades, or professional certificate/diploma/degree 166 (49.6) 230 (61.8)  
Employed full time 169 (50.5) 181 (48.7) 0.69
Annual household income   0.001
 < $25,000 119 (35.5) 50 (13.4)  
 $25,000–$54,999 112 (33.4) 140 (37.6)  
 ≥ $55,000 67 (20.0) 155 (41.7)  
 Don’t know 37 (11.0) 27 (7.3)  
Body mass index 0.001
 < 25.0 (underweight or normal weight) 63 (18.8) 112 (30.1)  
 25.0–29.9 (overweight) 104 (31.0) 112 (30.1)  
 ≥ 30.0 (obese) 168 (50.2) 148 (39.8)  
Participation in regular physical activity 96 (28.7) 169 (45.4) 0.001
Substance use    
 Alcohol usage (> 7 drinks per week) 13 (3.9) 12 (3.2) 0.79
 Cigarette usage (> 6 months) 248 (66.7) 191 (51.3) 0.001
Medical conditions
 Diabetes 67 (20.0) 22 (5.9) 0.001
 Bone-related conditions 85 (25.4) 110 (29.6) 0.25
  1. Bone-related conditions include osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and other self-reported bone conditions. Italic p values are statistically significant at α = 0.05