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Table 2 Knowledge, awareness of bloodless medicine and sources of information

From: Knowledge of bloodless medicine among nurses at the Medical/Surgical Directorate of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana; a descriptive cross sectional study

Variables Frequency (n = 322) Percentages (%)
Awareness of bloodless medicine
 Yes 169 52.5
 No 153 47.5
Sources of information on bloodless medicine
 Radio/TV 16 9.5
 Internet 65 38.5
 Workshop 22 13.0
 Books/health publications 27 16.0
 A fellow nurse 39 23.1
Definition of bloodless medicine
 Treatment of patients with only plasma components of blood 13 4.1
 Treatment of patients without packed red blood cell 32 9.9
 Treatment of patient with only his/her own blood 11 3.3
 Clinical care without allogeneic blood transfusion 146 45.5
 Don’t know 120 37.2
Alternatives to blood transfusion
 Yes 290 90.08
 No 32 9.92
Which alternative do you know?
 Iron treatment 257 79.8
 Food supplements 204 63.3
 Antifibrinolytics
 Hormonal therapy 38 11.9
 Coagulation factor 15 4.6