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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical measurements of study participants

From: Adipocytokines in obese Ghanaian subjects with or without type 2 diabetes

Variables Obese subjects p value
Diabetics (80) Non-diabetics (80)
Age 48.60 ± 5.928 48.40 ± 7.877 0.9119
Sex (M/F) 30/50 30/50  
Height (cm) 172.2 ± 9.996 168.6 ± 4.623 0.0734
Weight (kg) 98.55 ± 18.53 91.30 ± 8.952 0.0586
BMI (kg/m2) 34.08 ± 2.97 33.13 ± 2.361 0.2666
% Body fat 30.19 ± 7.319 31.47 ± 3.969 0.4008
% Muscle mass 32.72 ± 3.009 31.64 ± 3.062 0.1735
Visceral fat 16.00 ± 4.202 15.27 ± 3.796 0.4810
SBP (mmHg) 138.4 ± 9.027 126.9 ± 7.780 0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 85.87 ± 8.295 83.53 ± 6.684 0.2351
Glucose (mmol/L) 6.500 ± 2.956 4.947 ± 0.739 0.0009
TCHOL (mmol/L) 4.369 ± 0.898 5.059 ± 1.181 0.0135
TG (mmol/L) 1.515 ± 1.206 1.366 ± 0.745 0.5678
HDL (mmol/L) 1.019 ± 0.202 1.021 ± 0.275 0.9830
LDL (mmol/L) 2.724 ± 0.744 3.345 ± 0.959 0.0069
CR (ratio) 4.437 ± 1.259 5.158 ± 1.399 0.0402
Leptin (ng/ml) 13.84 ± 4.759 17.92 ± 5.506 0.0018
hsCRP (ng/ml) 0.256 ± 0.108 0.184 ± 0.106 0.0036
Variables Glucose level among diabetic subjects p value
3.6–6.19 mmol/L 6.2–11.0 mmol/L > 11.0 mmol/L
Male
 Leptin 10.33 ± 4.08b 10.14 ± 1.88b 6.000 ± 0.71a 0.0465
 hsCRP 0.193 ± 0.09b 0.314 ± 0.12a 0.150 ± 0.02b 0.0203
Female
 Leptin 14.60 ± 3.19 15.95 ± 3.86 15.83 ± 2.021 0.3484
 hsCRP 0.301 ± 0.10 0.264 ± 0.13 0.202 ± 0.138 0.4913
  1. Values are given as mean ± standard deviation
  2. Categorized glucose grouping by one way ANOVA
  3. Italic results indicate significant relationships
  4. M male; F is female; SBP systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure; TCHOL total cholesterol; TG triglyceride; HDL high density lipoprotein; LDL low density lipoprotein; BMI body mass index; hsCRP high sensitivity C-reactive protein; CR coronary risk; % percentage
  5. a, bDenotes differences between groups. p < 0.05 is statistically significant