Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the 301 recruited TB patients and differences in treatment outcomes

From: Predictors of therapy failure in newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis cases in Beira, Mozambique

Characteristics Study population n. 301 Treatment p-value
Failure n. 62 Success n. 239
Average age (years) 31 (12.5) 33.3 (12.8) 30.4 (12.1) 0.84
Female n. (%) 98 (32.6) 24 (24.5) 74 (75.5) < 0.0001
No education 145 (48.2) 41 (28.3) 104 (71.7) < 0.0001
Employed 187 (62.0) 13 (6.9) 174 (93.1) < 0.0001
Monthly income ≤ 50 dollars 218 (72.4) 49 (22.5) 169 (77.5) < 0.0001
Lifestyles and behaviours
 Current smoking 25 (8.3) 17 (68.0) 8 (32.0) < 0.0001
 Alcohol use 38 (12.6) 21 (55.3) 17 (7.1) <0.0001
Sexual partner/s < 0.0001
 No 110 (36.5) 24 (21.8) 86 (78.2) < 0.0001
 Yes 184 (61.1) 35 (56.4) 149 (62.3)
Medical history and examination
 Low BMI (< 18) 169 (56.0) 45 (26.6) 124 (73.4) < 0.0001
 HIV positive 131 (43.5) 39 (37.4) 92 (62.6) < 0.0001
 Antiretroviral treatment (ART) 93 (30.9) 18 (19.3) 75 (80.7) < 0.0001
 Diabetes or IGT 9 (3.0) 6 (66.7) 3 (33.3) < 0.0001
 Positive chest X-ray 148 (49.2) 9 (6.0) 139 (94.0) < 0.0001
 Positive sputum examination 246 (81.7) 40 (16.3) 206 (83.7) < 0.0001
 Positive GeneXpert 56 (18.6) 35 (62.5) 21 (37.5) < 0.0001
Symptoms before treatment
 Cough 296 (98.3) 59 (20.4) 237 (79.6) <0.0001
 Loss of weight 261 (86.7) 33 (12.6) 228 (87.4) < 0.0001
 Astenia 215 (71.4) 25 (11.6) 190 (88.4) < 0.0001
 Fever 174 (57.8) 24 (13.8) 150 (86.2) < 0.0001
 Night sweat 202 (67.1) 26 (12.8) 176 (87.2) < 0.0001