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Table 1 Blood tests results of subjects in the 2013 EMIL IIa study

From: Laboratory parameters in lean NAFLD: comparison of subjects with lean NAFLD with obese subjects without hepatic steatosis

  BMI < 25 with fatty liver (n = 5) BMI ≥ 30 without fatty liver (n = 27) p-value
Mean SD Min Max Mean SD Min Max
ALT (U/l) 26.0 7.1 19.0 37.0 23.5 7.8 12.0 47.0 0.3627
AST (U/l) 26.4 3.0 23.0 30.0 23.1 4.6 14.0 33.0 0.1235
GGT (U/l) 33.0 14.5 22.0 58.0 38.3 52.3 9.0 279.0 0.2314
AP (U/l) 69.2 18.4 42.0 87.0 71.1 19.4 41.0 133.0 0.9793
Cortisol (µg/dl) 15.5 3.2 10.9 19.4 12.7 6.3 0.6 31.9 0.1880
SHBG (nmol/l) 52.3 22.9 19.8 71.9 60.9 24.4 12.3 121.9 0.5368
Proinsulin (pmol/l) 2.6 2.2 0.7 4.4 2.9 1.9 0.4 7.9 0.6868
Insulin (mU/l) 9.0 3.7 5.8 15.1 9.6 5.4 2.7 27.6 0.9144
Proinsulin/insulin-ratio 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.9 0.7350
Glucose (mg/dl) 105.0 15.1 87.0 128.0 98.8 11.9 81.0 135.0 0.2749
Fibrinogen (g/l) 2.9 0.7 2.2 4.0 3.6 0.7 2.4 4.9 0.0636
Caeruloplasmin (g/l) 0.22 0.04 0.17 0.27 0.25 0.03 0.17 0.31 0.0682
Serum ferritin (µg/dl) 199.2 72.1 133.0 318.0 106.0 89.6 8.0 408.0 0.0224
Albumin (g/l) 47.0 2.4 45.0 51.0 45.1 2.9 40.0 52.0 0.1359
T3 (nmol/l) 1.8 0.2 1.5 2.1 1.6 0.3 0.8 2.1 0.2065
T4 (nmol/l) 99.1 15.8 72.7 112.5 106.0 23.1 52.5 147.0 0.4361
TSH (mIU/l) 1.3 0.6 0.7 2.1 1.6 1.0 0.4 5.3 0.7270
AntiTPO (IU/ml) 12.6 4.4 7.0 18.0 40.5 79.5 5.0 321.0 0.7465
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 6.2 1.4 4.8 8.4 5.6 1.1 3.2 7.9 0.4992
LDL (mmol/l) 3.8 1.0 2.8 5.4 3.4 0.9 1.4 5.2 0.4660
HDL (mmol/l) 1.5 0.6 0.9 2.5 1.7 0.3 1.2 2.2 0.2733
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 2.6 2.0 1.1 5.7 1.2 0.5 0.3 2.1 0.1244
Iron (µmol/l) 18.1 2.9 14.4 22.0 17.5 9.1 7.5 50.2 0.2325
Transferrin (g/l) 2.7 0.3 2.5 3.2 2.6 0.5 1.9 3.9 0.2974
STFR (mg/l) 2.8 0.4 2.4 3.5 3.8 1.5 2.0 8.9 0.0485
HOMA-IR 2.3 0.7 1.6 3.2 2.3 1.4 0.6 7.4 0.7677
Red blood cells (× 1012/l) 4.8 0.4 4.4 5.4 4.4 0.4 2.9 5.0 0.0931
White blood cells (× 109/l) 5.3 1.2 3.7 7.1 6.2 1.5 4.3 9.2 0.2263
Haemoglobin (g/dl) 14.9 0.8 14.2 16.0 13.5 1.2 9.7 15.7 0.0078
Haematocrit (l/l) 0.44 0.02 0.42 0.47 0.41 0.04 0.29 0.47 0.0227
MCH (pg/pg) 31.4 1.6 29.5 32.8 30.5 1.5 26.5 33.9 0.3467
MCHC (g/dl) 34.0 0.6 33.0 34.6 33.2 0.8 31.4 34.4 0.0293
MCV(fl/fl) 92.6 4.7 86.6 98.3 91.8 3.7 81.9 100.9 0.7676
Platelets (× 109/l) 180.2 59.0 136.0 283.0 214.0 51.0 95.0 332.0 0.0719
HbA1c (%) 5.8 0.7 5.1 7.0 5.7 0.5 5.0 7.4 0.9705
MPV (fl/fl) 10.0 1.6 8.2 11.9 9.2 1.0 7.3 11.2 0.3332
  1. Comparison of the lean NAFLD (BMI < 25 + fatty liver) and non-NAFLD (BMI > 30 and no fatty liver) groups [EMIL, Echinococcus multilocularis and other medical conditions in Leutkirch; SD, standard deviation]
  2. Italic values indicate significance of p values (p < 0.05)