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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of bluetongue virus antibody in small ruminants based on different risk factors

From: Bluetongue disease in small ruminants in south western Ethiopia: cross-sectional sero-epidemiological study

Variables Total Prevalence (%) P value OR 95% CI
Species
 Sheepa 246 57 (23.2)
 Goat 176 72 (40.9) 0.001 2.296 1.505–3.500
 Total 422 129 (30.6)    
Sex
 Femalea 236 74 (31.4)
 Male 186 55 (29.6) 0.785 0.919 0.605–1.396
 Total 422 129 (30.6)    
Age
 Younga 181 33 (18.3)
 Adult 241 96 (39.8) 0.001 2.969 1.880–4.690
 Total 422 129 (30.6)    
Body condition
 Emaciated 89 22 (24.7) 0.175 0.673 0.380–1.193
 Medium 150 47 (31.3) 0.777 0.935 0.589–1.486
 Gooda 183 60 (32.8)
 Total 422 129 (30.6)    
Altitude
 Lowland 92 48 (52.2) 0.001 5.692 3.107–10.426
 Midland 187 58 (26.8) 0.002 2.346 1.363–4.038
 Highlanda 143 23 (17.7)
Districts
 Jimmaa 141 35 (24.8)
 Bonga 101 14 (13.9) 0.039 0.487 0.247–0.963
 Bedelle 180 80 (44.4) 0.001 2.423 1.496–3.924
 Total 422 129 (30.6)    
  1. OR Normal odds ratio
  2. aReference category