Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Prevalence and determinants of comprehensive eye care in a group of patients with diabetes: a cross-sectional study in a sub-Saharan African setting

  Overall (N = 52) Male (n = 31) Female (n = 21) P value
Mean age (years) 55.9 ± 10.9 54 ± 9.8 58.7 ± 12 0.128
Type 2 diabetes, % 92.3 96.8 85.7 0.144
Mean duration of diabetes (years) 9.5 ± 7.7 10.6 ± 8.6 7.8 ± 5.8 0.199
Level of education, %
 None 7.7 3.2 14.3 0.144
 Primary 30.8 25.8 38.1 0.350
 Secondary 38.5 41.9 33.3 0.536
 University 23.1 29 14.3 0.221
Health insurance, yes, % 17.3 19.4 14.3 0.637
Sector of activity, %
 Primary 44.2 22.6 76.2 < 0.001*
 Secondary 11.6 19.4 0 0.034*
 Tertiary 44.2 58 23.8 0.016*
Treating physician, %
 Diabetologist 53.9 45.2 66.7 0.131
 General practitioner 28.9 41.9 9.5 0.012*
 Others 17.3 12.9 23.8 0.313
Reference to eye clinic, %
 Treating physician 53.9 41.9 71.2 0.040
 Ophthalmologist 23.1 35.5 4.8 0.011*
 Advised to consult 9.6 12.9 4.8 0.336
 Self-consultation 13.5 9.7 19.1 0.335
Eye care counselling (yes), % 51.9 48.4 57.1 0.542
Dilated fundoscopy (yes), % 61.5 67.7 52.4 0.271
Number of fundoscopy, %
 None 38.5 32.3 47.6 0.271
 One 19.2 22.6 14.3 0.461
 Two 15.4 16.1 14.3 0.861
 More than two 26.9 29 23.8 0.681
Referral time to actual consultation (weeks), %
 < 2 80.8 87.1 71.4 0.163
 > 2 11.5 9.7 14.3 0.614
 Unknown 7.7 3.2 14.3 0.144
Reaction to risk of blindness, %
 Worried 36.5 38.7 33.3 0.694
 Indifferent 48.1 48.4 47.6 0.995
 Can’t tell 15.4 12.9 19.1 0.547
Low visual acuity (VA < 3/10), % 42.3 41.9 42.9 0.944
  1. Data are mean ± standard deviation, level of significance set at p < 0.05
  2. * Significant difference