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Table 2 Determinants of a comprehensive eye examination

From: Prevalence and determinants of comprehensive eye care in a group of patients with diabetes: a cross-sectional study in a sub-Saharan African setting

  Unadjusted odds ratio 95% confidence interval P value
Age (years)
 ≤ 50 1   
 50–60 2 0.47–8.49 0.467
 > 60 0.59 0.14–2.42 0.502
Sex
 Female 1   
 Male 1.91 0.61–5.97 0.264
Duration of diabetes (years)
 0–5 1   
 5–10 2 0.45–8.9 0.458
 10–15 7 1.1–44.6 0.046*
 > 15 24 2.5–230.7 0.004*
Diabetologist physician
 No 1   
 Yes 0.67 0.23–2.07 0.250
Counselled on risk of blindness
 No 1   
 Yes 1.13 0.37–3.5 0.526
Concerned about blindness
 No 1   
 Yes 1.6 0.49–5.2 0.558
Health insured
 No 1   
 Yes 2.52 0.47–13.58 0.239
Level of education
 None 1   
 Primary 1.29 0.14–11.5 1.00
 Secondary 2.33 0.26–20.7 0.578
 University 1.4 0.08–13.6 1.00
Douala resident
 No 1   
 Yes 1.38 0.41–4.57 0.412
Sector of activity
 Primary 1   
 Secondary 3.85 0.39–38.6 0.362
 Tertiary 1.19 0.37–3.9 1.00
Low visual acuity (VA < 3/10)
 No 1   
 Yes 2.33 0.71–7.6 0.279
Hypertension
 No 1   
 Yes 1.11 0.35–3.5 1.00
Difficulties to consult at eye clinic
 Yes 1   
 No 0.3 0.09–0.97 0.050
  1. Data are mean ± standard deviation, level of significance set at P < 0.05
  2. * Significantly modified the risk of having comprehensive eye care examination