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Table 2 Risk factors for diabetes in 311 HIV/AIDS patients

From: Prevalence and determinants of selected cardio-metabolic risk factors among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving care in the South West Regional Hospitals of Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

Risk factors for diabetes mellitus Participants (n = 311) Diabetes Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P value*
Age in years    0.98 (0.47–2.02) 0.95  
 > 45 114 13 (11.4%)     
 ≤ 45 197 22 (11.2%) 1 (Ref)    
Gender    1.36 (0.56–3.30) 0.50  
 Male 50 7 (14%)     
 Female 261 28 (10.7%) 1 (Ref)    
Body mass index    0.64 (0.31–1.29) 0.21 0.95 (0.41–2.21) 0.898
 Overweight/obesity 129 18 (14%)     
 Normal/underweight 182 17 (9.3%) 1 (Ref)   1(Ref)  
Central obesity    0.44 (0.21–0.96) 0.03 2.52 (1.01–6.30) 0.048
 Yes 170 25 (14.7%)     
 No 141 10 (7.1%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
Exercise    1.90 (0.51–7.02) 0.33   
 Adequate 16 3 (18.8%)     
 Inadequate 295 32 (10.9%) 1 (Ref)    
Alcohol intake    4.22 (1.01–17.69) 0.03 0.27 (0.06–1.21) 0.086
 Alcoholics 9 3 (33.3%)     
 Non alcoholics 302 32 (10.6%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
Smoking     0.38   
 Yes 4 1 (25%) 0.37 (0.04–3.69)    
 No 307 34 (11.1%) 1 (Ref)    
ART    1.02 (0.12–8.37) 0.99  
 Yes 302 34 (11.3%)     
 No 9 1 (11.1%) 1 (Ref)    
ART duration (months)    1.02 (0.47–2.21) 0.97  
 Long duration 88 10 (11.4%) 1 (Ref)    
 Short duration/Nil 223 25 (11.2%)     
CD4 count (cells/mm3)     0.61  
 ≤ 350 95 12 (12.6%) 0.82 (0.39–1.73)    
 > 350 216 23 (10.7%) 1 (Ref)    
Family history    1.21 (0.52–2.82) 0.65  
 Yes 62 8 (12.9%)     
 No 248 27 (10.9%) 1 (Ref)    
  1. Ref Reference group
  2. * P value = the P value after adjusting for the other factors in Multivariate logistic regression analysis