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Table 3 Risk factors for hypertension in 311 HIV/AIDS patients

From: Prevalence and determinants of selected cardio-metabolic risk factors among people living with HIV/AIDS and receiving care in the South West Regional Hospitals of Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

Risk factors for diabetes mellitus Participants (n = 311) HTN Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P*
Age in years    0.66 (0.39–1.11) 0.12 1.56 (0.89–2.74) 0.119
 > 45 114 34 (29.8%)     
 ≤ 45 197 43 (21.8%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
Gender    0.95 (0.47–1.93) 0.89  
 Male 50 12 (24%)     
 Female 261 65 (24.9%)     
Body mass index    0.46 (0.27–0.78) 0.003 1.76 (0.92–3.40)  
 Overweight 129 43 (33.3%)     0.089
 Normal/underweight 182 34 (18.7%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
Central obesity    0.45 (0.26–0.78) 0.004 1.62 (0.82–3.18) 0.163
 Yes 170 53 (31.2%)    1 (Ref)  
 No 141 24 (17.0%) 1 (Ref)    
Exercise    0.69 (0.19–2.49) 0.57  
 Adequate 16 3 (18.8%)     
 Inadequate 295 74 (25.1%) 1 (Ref)    
Alcohol intake    0.87 (0.18–4.25) 0.86  
 Alcoholic 9 2 (22.2%)     
 Non Alcoholics 302 75 (24.8%) 1 (Ref)    
Smoking    3.09 (0.43–22.34) 0.24  
 Yes 4 2 (50%)     
 No 307 75 (24.4%)     
ART    2.69 (0.33–21.86) 0.34   
 Yes 302 76 (25.2%)     
 No 9 1 (11.1%) 1 (Ref)    
ART duration (months)    1.41 (0.81–2.46) 0.22  
 Long duration 88 26 (29.6%)     
 Short duration/Nil 223 51 (22.9%) 1 (Ref)    
CD4 count (cells/mm3)    0.89 (0.51–1.54) 0.67  
 ≤ 350 95 25 (26.3%)     
 > 350 216 52 (24.1%) 1 (Ref)    
Family history    1.48 (0.88–2.49) 0.14 0.64 (0.37–1.10) 0.109
 Yes 127 37 (29.1%)     
 No 184 40 (21.7%) 1 (Ref)   1 (Ref)  
  1. HTN hypertension
  2. * P value = the P value after adjusting for the other factors in Multivariate logistic regression analysis