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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and hematological profile among malaria and typhoid patients

From: Hematological abnormalities in patients with malaria and typhoid in Tamale Metropolis of Ghana

Characteristics Malaria group (N = 54) Typhoid group (N = 25) p value* (95% CI)
Age, years, median (IQR) 28 (20–45) 37 (24–54) 0.1544 (− 2.000 to 14.000)
Age category, years, n (%)
 18–35 36 (66.7) 11 (44.0) 0.069 (0.371 to 1.530)
 36–55 9 (16.7) 10 (40.0)
 56+ 9 (16.7) 4 (16.0)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 14 (25.9) 10 (40.0) 0.206 (0.192 to 1.435)
 Female 40 (74.1) 15 (60.0)
Hemoglobin, median (IQR) 13.3 (11.8–14.3) 12.6 (11.1–13.3) 0.0986 (− 1.800 to 0.200)
Platelets, median (IQR) 197.5 (120.5–273.5) 284.0 (175.5–320.0) 0.0065 (20.00 to 118.00)
White blood cells, median (IQR) 5.7 (4.3–6.6) 6.2 (4.9–9.8) 0.2301 (− 0.410 to 1.760)
Anemia, n (%) 16 (29.6) 12 (48.0) 0.112 (− 0.431 to 0.411)
Thrombocytopenia, n (%) 21 (38.9) 3 (12.0) 0.016 (1.241 to 17.550)
Leukopenia, n (%) 11 (20.4) 3 (12.0) 0.530 (0.474 to 7.430)
Bicytopenia, n (%) 7 (13.0) 2 (8.0) 0.711(0.392 to 8.911)
Pancytopenia, n (%) 3 (5.6) 1 (4.0) 1.000 (0.139 to 14.300)
  1. Source: Field Survey. *Analyzed using Mann–Whitney test and Pearson’s χ2 test or Fisher’s exact test. Two tailed p value significant at p < 0.05
  2. Malaria group patients with plasmodium mono-infection, Typhoid group patients with salmonella mono-infection