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Table 1 showing preoperative factors associated with palatal fistula

From: Challenges to achieving low palatal fistula rates following primary cleft palate repair: experience of an institution in Uganda

Preoperative factor No fistula (%) Fistula present (%) COR (95% CI) χ2 p-value
Age of the child     0.614
 0–6 months 21 (60) 12 (63) 1  
 7–12 months 9 (26) 6 (32) 1.2 (0.3–4.1)  
 13–24 months 2 (6) 1 (5) 0.9 (0.1–10.7)  
  > 24 months 3 (9) 0 (0)  
Sex     0.293
 Male 15 (43) 11 (58) 1  
 Female 20 (57) 8 (42) 0.5 (0.2–1.7)  
Type of cleft deformity     0.574
 Isolated cleft palate 5 (14) 1 (5) 1  
 Unilateral cleft lip and palate 18 (51) 10 (53) 2.8 (0.3–27.2)  
 Bilateral cleft lip and palate 12 (34) 8 (42) 3.3 (0.3–34.1)  
Weigh for length at initial outpatient assessment     0.0057
 No malnutrition 23 (66) 5 (26) 1  
 Malnutrition 12 (34) 14 (74) 5. 4 (1.6–18.5)  
Weight at time of surgery     0.224
  < 5 kg 6 (17) 6 (32) 1  
  ≥ 5 kg 29 (83) 13 (68) 0. 4 (0.12–1.6)  
Weight for age at time of surgery     0.008
 Not underweight 21 (60) 5 (26) 1  
 Under-weight 9 (26) 4 (21) 1.9 (0.4–8.6)  
 Severely underweight 5 (14) 10 (53) 8.4 (2.0–35.8)  
Cleft width at initial surgery     0.006
  < 12 mm 23 (72) 5 (26) 1  
  ≥ 12 mm 12 (28) 14 (74) 5.6 (1.6–19.2)  
  1. COR denotes Crude odds ratio (unadjusted), CI denotes confidence interval, χ2 denotes Pearson Chi square, p-values in bold = statistically significant