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Table 3 Intraoperative and Postoperative factors associated with palatal fistula

From: Challenges to achieving low palatal fistula rates following primary cleft palate repair: experience of an institution in Uganda

Postoperative factor No fistula (%) Fistula present (%) COR (95% CI) χ2 p-value
Type of palate repair     0.005
 Single stage 28 (80) 8 (42) 1  
 Two stage 7 (20) 11 (58) 5.5 (1.6–18.8)  
Lead surgeon’s experience     0.920
 Trainee 3 (8) 2 (11) 1  
 Large volume operator 24 (69) 12 (63) 0.75 (0.1–5.1)  
 Low volume operator 8 (23) 5 (26) 0.9 (0.1–7.7)  
Technique used for hard palate repair     0.857
 Bilateral Von-langenbeck 12 (34) 8 (42) 1  
 Bilateral Bardarch 9 (26) 3 (16) 0.5 (0.1–2.4)  
 Hybrid flaps 9 (26) 5 (26) 0.8 (0.2–3.4)  
 Others 5 (14) 3 (16) 0.9 (0.2–4.9)  
Early postoperative infection (persistent fevers requiring antibiotics)     0.003
 No 33 (94) 12 (63) 1  
 Yes 2 (6) 7 (37) 9.6 (1.8–52.9)  
Late postoperative infection (fell sick within 4 weeks after discharge following surgery)     0.0004
 No 28 (80) 6 (32) 1  
 Yes 7 (20) 13 (68) 8.7 (2.4–31.0)  
Type of feeds given within 3 weeks after surgery     0.658
 Unmashed 3 (9) 1 (5) 1  
 Liquid or mashed 32 (91) 18 (95) 1.6 (0.2–17.4)  
  1. p-values in bold are statistically significant
  2. COR denotes Crude odds ratio (unadjusted), CI denotes confidence interval, χ2 denotes Pearson Chi square