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Table 1 Participant characteristics (% of participants in each intervention group)

From: Evaluation of virtual patient cases for teaching diagnostic and management skills in internal medicine: a mixed methods study

  VP Case (n = 23) PowerPoint (n = 29) Chi square P value
Level of training 0.799
 1–2 years medical student 13 17  
 3–4 years medical student 61 52  
 Resident 26 31  
Time from last IM rotation 0.965
 No previous IM rotation 26 24  
 > 6 months 13 10  
 3–6 months 13 17  
 < 3 months 26 21  
 Currently in IM rotation 22 28  
Initial objectives N/A
 Review knowledge 87 90  
 Acquire new medical expert knowledge 65 52  
 Improve non-medical expert competency 17 10  
 Application of knowledge 52 66  
 Recruited for research 4 0  
Previous exposure to virtual patients 0.313
 None 87 76  
 Any virtual patient cases 13 24  
Self evaluation of ability to:
 Diagnose UGIB 0.064
  Excellent 0 3  
  Very good 43 28  
  Satisfactory 35 59  
  Unremarkable 4 10  
  Poor 17 0  
 Manage UGIB 0.394
  Excellent 0 3  
  Very good 22 14  
  Satisfactory 48 66  
  Unremarkable 9 10  
  Poor 22 7  
 Handover 0.340
  Excellent 4 3  
  Very good 26 14  
  Satisfactory 48 69  
  Unremarkable 13 14  
  Poor 9 0  
 Write admission orders 0.284
  Excellent 4 3  
  Good 26 10  
  Satisfactory 43 55  
  Unremarkable 13 28  
  Poor 13 3  
 OGD consent 0.518
  Excellent 0 0  
  Very good 13 10  
  Satisfactory 22 41  
  Unremarkable 43 31  
  Poor 22 17  
  1. VP virtual patient, UGIB upper gastrointestinal bleed, OGD oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy