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Table 1 Venous hemodynamic measurements using ultrasound at baseline and during resistance exercise

From: Handgrip exercise by the non-affected hand increases venous return in the contralateral axillary vein in patients with stroke: a pilot study

Measurement Baseline Resistance exercise p d
Venous diameter (mm) 6.70 ± 2.72 6.82 ± 2.64 0.50 − 0.05
Time-averaged mean velocity (cm/s) 2.66 ± 1.23 3.99 ± 2.05 0.01 − 0.80
Venous flow volume (ml/min) 52.35 ± 31.59 77.82 ± 38.15 0.01 − 0.74
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 120.86 ± 14.10 126.00 ± 13.66 0.10 − 0.37
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 73.29 ± 6.85 74.29 ± 8.92 0.62 − 0.13
Heart rate (beats/min) 66.86 ± 9.10 66.86 ± 7.10 > 0.99 0.00
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation