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Table 1 Characteristics of biliary atresia patients following Kasai procedure and its association with liver transplant scoring system

From: Liver transplant score for prediction of biliary atresia patients’ survival following Kasai procedure

Characteristics n (%); mean ± SD (normal range)
Gender
 Male 14 (54)
 Female 12 (46)
Age at diagnosis (days) 126 ± 77.9
Biliary atresia type
 Type 1 0
 Type 2a 6 (23)
 Type 2b 2 (8)
 Type 3 18 (69)
Pre-operative body weight (kg) 5.5 ± 2.4
Pre-operative laboratory findings
 Total bilirubin (mg/dL) 10.8 ± 5.4 (≤ 1.0)
 Direct bilirubin (mg/dL) 8.4 ± 2.7 (0–0.2)
 Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (U/L) 140 ± 75.1 (≤ 41)
 Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (U/L) 231.7 ± 98.0 (≤ 40)
 Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (U/L) 568.5 ± 249.8 (≤ 462)
 Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) (U/L) 544.4 ± 341.9 (7–64)
 Albumin (g/dL) 3.3 ± 0.6 (3.9–4.9)
 International normalized ratio (INR) 1.9 ± 1.6 (0.9–1.1)
 White blood cells (×103/μL) 13.9 ± 8.3 (4.5–13.5)
  Neutrophil (%) 41.0 ± 14.1 (35.0–65.0)
  Lymphocyte (%) 42.5 ± 19.4 (23.0–53.0)
Pre-operative portal hypertension features
 Esophageal varices 3 (12)
 Splenomegaly 10 (38)
 Platelet (×103/μL) 315.4 ± 176.8 (150–450)
 Ascites 15 (58)
Age at Kasai procedure performed (days)
 < 60 2 (8)
 ≥ 60 24 (92)
Histopathological findings of liver biopsy
 Liver cirrhosis 11 (42)
 Non-liver cirrhosis 15 (58)
Sonography findings
 Undetectable gallbladder 11 (42)
 Triangular cord sign 5 (19)
Outcomes
 Survived 15 (58)
 Died 11 (42)
Cause of death
 Septic shock 2 (18)
 Pulmonary edema 2 (18)
 Hemorrhagic shock 1 (9)
 Aspiration pneumonia 2 (18)
 Hepatopulmonary syndrome 1 (9)
 Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome 3 (27)
Characteristics Liver transplant score p value OR (95% CI)
< 8 ≥ 8
Gender
 Male 6 8 0.23 2.7 (0.5–13.2)
 Female 8 4   
Age at Kasai procedure performed (days)
 ≥ 60 12 12 0.31 5.0 (0.2–115.1)
 < 60 2 0