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Table 2 Determinant factors of TB-HIV co-infection among PLWHAs, Yirgalem General Hospital, southern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Tuberculosis co-infection and its associated factors among People living with HIV/AIDS attending antiretroviral therapy clinic in southern Ethiopia: a facility based retrospective study

Variables TB disease COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P value
Yes No
Age (years)
 < 15 2 3 1.12 (1.16–9.01)   
 16–45 41 74 1.44 (0.52–9.94)   
 ≥ 46 8 10 1   
Sex
 Male 21 37 1.05 (0.52–2.13)   
 Female 30 50 1   
Residence
 Urban 24 54 1 1  
 Rural 27 33 0.54 (0.27–1.09) 0.65 (0.23–1.77) 0.40
Occupation
 Housewife 18 31 1   
 Government employee 4 8 1.16 (0.30–4.40)   
 Merchant 9 12 0.77 (0.27–2.19)   
 Farmer 6 11 1.06 (0.33–3.36)   
 Student 5 4 0.46 (0.11–1.95)   
 Daily laborer 3 2 0.38 (0.05–2.54)   
 Unemployed 3 1 1.19 (0.01–2.00)   
Marital status
 Married 26 47 1   
 Single 10 17 0.94 (0.37–2.35)   
 Divorced 11 15 0.75 (0.30–1.88)   
 Widowed 3 4 0.73 (0.5–3.55)   
INH prophylaxis
 Yes 16 75 1 1  
 No 35 12 13.67 (5.84–31.96) 12.36 (4.47–34.14) < 0.01*
ART profile
 Pre-ART 3 9 1.84 (0.47–7.15)   
 ART 48 78 1   
WHO stage
 Stage 1 0 66 1 1  
 Stage 2 10 20 0.61 (0.15–2.42) 0.74 (0.12–4.32) 0.16
 Stage 3 21 8 7.20 (2.00–25.90) 5.82 (1.04–32.30) 0.002*
 Stage 4 8 5 3.20 (0.82–12.35) 2.10 (0.35–12.37) 0.06
CD4 level at ART initiation
 > 500 5 16 1 1  
 200–500 13 31 2.30 (1.01–5.23) 4.85 (1.95–12.05) < 0.01*
 < 200 30 31 3.09 (1.00–9.51) 7.34 (2.75–19.58) < 0.01*
  1. * Statistically significant at P < 0.05