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Table 3 Factors associated with dietary practice of type 2 diabetic patients at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Dietary practice and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients in Felege Hiwot Regional Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Variable Dietary practice COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Good practice Poor practice
Get nutrition education on diabetes diet at hospital
 Yes 48 (49.5) 49 (50.5) 2.1 (1.3, 3.3) 2.5 (1.5, 4.2)**
 No 96 (31.8) 206 (68.2) 1.00 1.00
Availability of fruits
 Yes 44 (46.3) 51 (54.7) 1.7 (1.1, 2.8)  
 No 100 (32.7) 206 (67.3) 1.00  
Availability of vegetables
 Yes 37 (46.8) 42 (53.2) 1.7 (1.1, 2.9)  
 No 107 (33.2) 215 (66.8) 1.00  
Have family support
 Yes 61 (51.3) 58 (48.7) 2.5 (1.6, 3.9) 2.6 (1.6, 4.2)**
 No 83 (29.4) 199 (70.6) 1.00 1.00
Awareness on diabetes diet
 Yes 120 (40.8) 174 (59.2) 2.3 (1.4, 3.9) 2.6 (1.5, 4.6)**
 No 24 (22.4) 83 (77.6) 1.00 1.00
Educational status
 Less than secondary 92 (30.4) 211 (69.6) 1.00 1.00
 Secondary and above 52 (53.1) 46 (46.9) 2.1 (1.3, 3.4) 1.9 (1.1, 3.2)**
Thinking of low cost of food
 Yes 109 (38.1) 177 (61.9) 1.4 (0.8, 2.2)  
 No 35 (30.4) 80 (69.6) 1.00  
Sex
 Male 77 (40.1) 115 (59.9) 1.4 (0.9, 2.1)  
 Female 67 (32.1) 142 (67.9) 1.00  
Residence
 Urban 116 (39.5) 178 (60.5) 1.8 (1.1, 3.0)  
 Rural 28 (26.2) 79 (73.8) 1.00  
Age (years)
 40–60  107 (37.0) 182 (63.0) 1.1 (0.7, 1.8)  
 > 60  37 (33.0) 75 (67.0) 1.00  
Marital status
 Married 101 (34.6) 191 (65.4) 0.8 (0.5, 1.2)  
 Single/divorced/widowed 43 (39.4) 66 (60.6) 1.00  
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, C/I confidence interval
  2. ** P-value < 0.01