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Table 1 Characteristics of physical activity portrayal in television programmes aimed at adolescent girls

From: Same old song and dance: an exploratory study of portrayal of physical activity in television programmes aimed at young adolescents

  Total (n = 122) Disney channel (n = 52) Nickelodeon (n = 70) Difference between channels
p-value
Portrayal 0.001
 Visual 68 (55.7%) 21 (40.4%) 47 (67.1%)  
 Verbal 18 (14.8%) 6 (11.5%) 12 (17.1%)  
 Visual + verbal 36 (29.5%) 25 (48.1%) 11 (15.8%)  
Focus within the scene 0.005
 Main event 38 (31.1%) 8 (15.4%) 30 (42.9%)  
 Foreground 62 (50.8%) 32 (61.5%) 30 (42.9%)  
 Background 22 (18.1%) 12 (23.1%) 10 (14.2%)  
Context 0.27
 Group formal 14 (11.5%) 4 (7.7%) 10 (14.2%)  
 Group informal 74 (60.7%) 29 (55.8%) 45 (64.3%)  
 Individual formal 5 (4.1%) 3 (5.7%) 2 (2.9%)  
 Individual informal 29 (23.7%) 16 (30.8%) 13 (18.6%)  
Sex 0.78
 Male 29 (23.8%) 14 (26.9%) 15 (21.4%)  
 Female 30 (24.6%) 12 (23.1%) 18 (25.7%)  
 Mixed 63 (51.6%) 26 (50%) 37 (52.9%)  
Age 0.001
 Child 9 (7.4%) 9 (17.3%) 0 (0%)  
 Teen 65 (53.3%) 20 (38.5%) 45 (64.2%)  
 Adult 10 (8.2%) 5 (9.6%) 5 (7.1%)  
 Mixed 38 (31.1%) 18 (34.6%) 20 (28.7%)  
Motivation for taking part 0.08
 Enjoyment 73 (59.8%) 33 (63.5%) 40 (57.1%)  
 Functional 9 (7.4%) 2 (3.8%) 7 (10%)  
 Gain fitness 10 (8.2%) 8 (15.4%) 2 (2.9%)  
 Gain muscle 1 (0.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.3%)  
 Other 3 (2.5%) 0 (0%) 3 (4.3%)  
 Performance 12 (9.8%) 3 (5.8%) 9 (12.9%)  
 School curriculum 13 (10.7%) 6 (11.5%) 7 (10%)  
 Social 1 (0.8%) 0 (0%) 1 (1.4%)  
Sentiment 0.002
 Positive 45 (36.9%) 10 (19.3%) 35 (50%)  
 Negative 27 (22.1%) 14 (26.9%) 13 (18.6%)  
 Neutral 50 (41%) 28 (53.8%) 22 (31.4%)