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Table 1 Characteristics and habits of studied population in relation to genre of bacteria found in intestinal microbiota

From: Helicobacter pylori and its relationship with variations of gut microbiota in asymptomatic children between 6 and 12 years

  No of bacteria Total p-value
0–2 3–9
Gender (n/%)
 Male 14 48.3 15 55.6 29 51.8 0.391
 Female 15 51.7 12 44.4 27 48.2
Age (years)
 Age (Me/SD) 9 2.4 8.7 2.0 8.9 2.2 0.667
Hand washing before eating (n/%)
 Sometimes 5 17.2 13 48.1 18 32.1 0.014
 Always 24 82.8 14 51.9 38 67.9
Hand washing after toilet use (n/%)
 Never 1 3.4 0 0.0 1 1.8 0.018
 Sometimes 2 6.9 9 33.3 11 19.6
 Always 26 89.7 18 66.7 44 78.6
Livestock (n/%)
 Yes 25 86.2 23 85.2 48 85.7 0.563
 No 4 13.8 3 11.1 7 12.5
Access to boiled water (n/%)       0.0  
 Never 4 13.8 5 18.5 9 16.1 0.337
 Sometimes 13 44.8 16 59.3 29 51.8
 Always 12 41.4 6 22.2 18 32.1
Ditch water ingestion (n/%)
 Never 24 82.8 25 92.6 49 87.5 0.242
 Sometimes 5 17.2 2 7.4 7 12.5
Diarrhea within past 3 months (n/%)
 Yes 23 79.3 18 66.7 41 73.2 0.222
 No 6 20.7 9 33.3 15 26.8
Fruit and vegetable consumption (n/%)
 Always 8 27.6 0 0.0 7 12.5 0.010
 Sometimes 11 37.9 14 51.9 23 41.1
 Never 10 34.5 13 48.1 26 46.4
Hay chewing (n/%)
 Yes 2 6.9 6 22.2 8 14.3 0.104
 No 27 93.1 21 77.8 48 85.7
Caregiver occupation (n/%)
 Agricultural 25 86.2 17 63.0 42 75.0 0.067
 Other 4 13.8 9 33.3 13 23.2
Presence of parasites (n/%)
 Yes 4 13.8 1 3.7 5 8.9 0.147
 No 18 62.1 23 85.2 41 73.2
  1. p value: Statistical χ2 and Exact Fisher Test