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Table 2 Obstetrics and behavioral related history of mothers in Amhara Regional State Referral Hospitals, Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 429)

From: Determinants of low birth weight among neonates born in Amhara Regional State Referral Hospitals of Ethiopia: unmatched case control study

Variables LBW NBW Total
Count (n) % Count (n) % Count (n) %
MUAC
 < 23 cm 88 61.5 217 75.9 305 71.1
 ≥ 23 cm 55 38.5 69 24.1 124 28.9
History of abortions
 Yes 24 16.8 35 12.2 59 13.8
 No 119 83.2 251 87.8 370 86.2
Mode of delivery
 Spontaneous vaginal 113 79.0 188 65.7 301 70.2
 Assisted vaginal 3 2.1 22 7.7 25 5.8
 Caesarean section 27 18.9 76 26.6 103 24.0
ANC visit
 Yes 101 70.6 245 85.6 346 80.7
 No 42 29.4 41 14.4 83 19.3
Health problems
 Yes 77 53.8 111 38.8 188 43.8
 No 66 46.2 175 61.2 241 56.2
Iron supplementation
 Yes 95 66.4 244 85.3 339 79.0
 No 48 33.6 42 14.7 90 20.1
Gravidity
 Primi gravid 70 49.0 123 43.0 193 45.0
 Multigravida 73 51.0 163 57.0 236 55.0
Parity
 Primi-para 79 55.2 129 45.1 208 48.5
 Multipara 64 44.8 157 54.9 221 51.5
Gestational age
 Preterm 48 33.6 37 12.9 85 19.8
 Term and above 95 66.4 249 87.1 344 80.2
History of low birth weight
 Yes 26 18.2 29 10.1 55 12.8
 No 117 81.8 257 89.9 374 87.2
History of trauma
 Yes 17 4.9 14 11.9 31 7.2
 No 125 94.1 269 87.4 398 92.8
Ever drink alcohol
 Yes 19 13.3 23 8 42 9.8
 No 117 86.7 263 92 387 90.2
Ever chew chat
 Yes 3 2.1 1 0.3 4 0.9
 No 140 97.9 285 99.7 425 99.1
Ever smoke cigarette
 Yes 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
 No 143 100.0 286 100.0 429 100.0