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Table 3 Association of factors with low birth weight in Amhara Regional State Referral Hospitals, Ethiopia, 2017 (n = 429)

From: Determinants of low birth weight among neonates born in Amhara Regional State Referral Hospitals of Ethiopia: unmatched case control study

Variables LBW LBW COR AOR
(n) (%) (n) (%)
Sex
 Male 64 44.8 170 59.4 1 1
 Female 79 55.2 116 40.6 1.81 (1.2, 2.7) 1.7 (1.1, 2.6)
Residence place
 Rural 72 50.3 103 36.0 1.8 (1.20–2.27) 1.0 (0.6, 1.8)
 Urban 71 49.7 183 64.0 1 1
Educational status
 Unable to read and write 50 35.0 59 20.6 2.44 (1.41–4.21) 1.32 (0.69–2.52)
 Grade 1–8 33 23.1 63 22.0 1.51 (0.85–2.69) 0.93 (0.48–1.79)
 Grade 9–12 27 18.9 69 24.1 1.13 (0.62–2.04) 0.92 (0.48–1.76)
 Diploma and above 33 23.1 95 33.2 1 1
MUAC category
 ≥ 23 cm 88 61.5 217 75.9 1 1
 < 23 cm 55 38.5 69 24.1 1.97 (1.283.03) 1.66 (1.022.70)
History of abortions
 Yes 24 16.8 35 12.2 1.45 (0.82–2.54) 1.38 (0.71–2.67)
 No 119 83.2 251 87.8 1 1
ANC visit
 Yes 101 29.2 245 70.8 1 1
 No 42 50.6 41 49.4 2.49 (1.524.05) 2.31 (1.324.04)
Complications during pregnancy
 Yes 77 41.0 111 59.0 1.84 (1.232.76) 2.79 (1.744.45)
 No 66 27.4 175 72.6 1 1
Iron tabs given
 Yes 95 66.4 244 85.3 1 1
 No 48 33.6 42 14.7 2.94 (1.824.73) 2.82 (1.624.91)
Parity
 Primi-para 79 55.2 129 45.1 1.5 (1.03–2.25) 1.45 (0.92–2.31)
 Multipara 64 44.8 157 54.9 1 1
Gestational age
 Preterm 48 56.5 37 43.5 3.4 (2.085.55) 3.33 (1.955.67)
 Term and above 95 27.6 249 72.4 1 1
History of LBW
 Yes 26 18.2 29 10.1 1.97 (1.11–3.49) 1.85 (0.97–3.35)
 No 117 81.8 257 89.9 1 1
  1. Italic values indicates significantly associated in the multivariable analysis