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Table 3 Factors associated with adherence to ART doses among HIV infected Children 0–14 years in Kabale district, Uganda

From: Factors associated with adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV infected children in Kabale district, Uganda: a cross sectional study

Variable Adherent p-value
Yes No COR 95% CI   AOR 95% CI
(n = 121) (n = 32)
Study site
 Rugarama hospital 3 (9.38) 20 (16.95) 1.0      
 Kabale hospital 29 (90.63) 98 (83.05) 0.5 (0.14–1.83)     
Age of child
 0–10 years 19 (59.38) 68 (57.14) 1.0    1.0   
 11–14 years 13 (40.63) 51 (42.86) 1.1 (0.49–2.42)   6.4 (1.31–31.42) 0.022*
Gender of child
 Female 16 (50.00) 68 (58.12) 1.0      
 Male 16 (50.00) 49 (41.88) 0.7 (0.33–1.58)     
Child duration on ART
 0–4 years 14 (43.75) 58 (49.15) 1.0    1.0   
 5 years above 18 (56.25) 60 (50.85) 0.8 0.37–1.77   1.2 (0.39–3.58) 0.768
Childs’ health
 Not sick by time of interview 28 (87.50) 108 (91.5) 1.0      
 Sick time of interview 4 (12.50) 10 (8.47) 0.7 (0.19-2.22)     
Sex of care giver
 Female 23 (71.88) 88 (74.58) 1.0      
 Male 9 (28.13) 30 (25.42) 0.9 (0.36–2.09)     
Age of care giver
 ≤ 30 years 13 (40.63) 51 (42.86) 1.0    1.0   
 30 years above 19 (59.38) 68 (57.14) 0.9 (0.41–2.01)   0.8 (0.44–1.49) 0.499
Level of education of care giver
 None 4 (12.50) 19 (16.10) 1.0      
 Primary 14 (43.75) 43 (36.44) 0.7 (0.19–2.22)   0.38 (0.06–2.40) 0.307
 Secondary 4 (12.50) 33(27.97) 1.7 (0.39–7.76)   2.26 (0.2–20.95) 0.474
 Tertiary 10 (31.25) 23 (19.49) 0.5 (0.13–1.79)   0.16 (0.02–1.21) 0.077
Occupation of care giver
 Formal employment 23 (76.67) 96 (84.21) 1.0      
 Informal employment 7 (23.33) 18 (15.79) 0.6 (0.23–1.66)     
Care giver relationship with child
 Biological parent 24 (77.42) 93 (78.81) 1.0    1.0   
 Other relative 7 (22.58) 25 (21.19) 0.9 (0.36–2.39)   0.3 (0.07–1.70) 0.189
Duration as caregiver of child
 0–4 years 13 (40.63) 51 (42.86) 1.0      
 5 years above 19 (59.38) 68 (57.14) 0.9 (0.41–2.02)     
Care giver’s health
 Not sick a week before interview 25 (80.65) 100 (85.5) 1.0      
 Sick a week before interview 6 (19.35) 17 (14.5) 0.7 (0.25–1.99)     
Caregiver knowledge of his/her HIV status
 Do not know their HIV status 5 (16.13) 9 (7.63)       
 Know their HIV status 26 (83.87) 109 (92.4) 2.3 0.71–7.63 0.15 21.6 1.09–428.2 0.044*
Care giver stress
 Not stressed 29 (90.63) 97 (81.5) 1.0      
 Stressed 3 (9.38) 22 (18.5) 2.2 (0.61–7.94)     
Drug tolerability
 Child does not find a problem swallowing 31 (96.88) 110 (97.4) 1.0      
 Child finds swallowing the drug a problem 1 (3.13) 3 (2.65) 0.9 (0.08–8.48) 0.886    
Drug dosage complexity
 Child find dose easy to take 30 (93.75) 105 (90.5)       
 Child find dose not easy to take 2 (6.25) 11 (9.48) 1.6 (0.33–7.53) 0.569    
Side effects of the ARV’s
 Child has never experienced drug side effects 26 (83.87) 107 (89.9)       
 Child has experienced a side effect due to the ARV’s 5 (16.13) 12 (10.1) 0.6 (0.19–1.81) 0.346    
  1. *Statistically significant