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Fig. 2 | BMC Research Notes

Fig. 2

From: Intranasal administration of cationic liposomes enhanced granulocyte–macrophage colony-stimulating factor expression and this expression is dispensable for mucosal adjuvant activity

Fig. 2

Recombinant GM-CSF induces both mucosal and systemic OVA-specific antibody responses. The data show the OVA-specific nasal IgA and serum IgGs for each immunized group (PBS only, OVA alone, or OVA plus recombinant GM-CSF). The data were obtained from three independent experiments. The statistically significant value (*p < 0.0001) shown were calculated from the Kruskal–Wallis test with Dunn’s post hoc test

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