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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, prevalence of human bocavirus and co-infection

From: Detection of human bocavirus-1 in both nasal and stool specimens from children under 5 years old with influenza-like illnesses or diarrhea in Gabon

Characteristic Human bocavirus (ILI) Human bocavirus (diarrhea)
n1/N1 (%) 95% CI n2/N2 (%) 95% CI
Sex
 Male 14/416 (3.4) 1.7–5.1 3/169 (1.8) 0.3–3.3
 Female 18/394 (4.6) 2.5–6.7 4/148 (2.7) 0.9–4.5
Age group
 [0–12 m] 18/341 (5.3) 2.9–7.7 7/205 (3.4) 1.4–5.4
 [13 m–2  y] 11/318 (3.5) 1.5–5.5 0/81 (0.0)
 [3–4 y] 3/151 (2.0) − 0.2 to 4.2 0/31 (0.0)
Towns
 Libreville 20/391 (5.1) 2.9–7.3 0/150 (0.0)
 Franceville 7/159 (4.4) 1.2–7.6 1/56 (1.8) 0.3–3.3
 Koulamoutou 1/98 (1.0) − 1.0 to 3.0 1/33 (3.0) 1.1–4.9
 Oyem 4/162 (2.5) 0.1–4.9 5/78 (6.4) 3.7–9.1
Total 32/810 (4.0) 2.7–5.3 7/317 (2.2) 0.6–3.8
Infection n (%)   n (%)  
Single infection 5 (15.6)   4 (57)  
Dual infection 20 (62.5)   2 (28)  
 Adenovirus 6 (22.3)   ND  
 Enterovirus 4 (14.8)   ND  
 RSV 3 (11.1)   ND  
 Virus influenza B 3 (11.1)   ND  
 Virus A(H1N1)pdm09 2 (7.4)   ND  
 Rhinovirus 1 (3.7)   ND  
 Coronavirus NL63 1 (3.7)   ND  
 Rotavirus A ND   1 (33.3)  
 Sapovirus ND   1 (33.3)  
Triple infection 7 (21.9)   1 (14.3)  
 Enterovirus, rhinovirus 1 (3.7)   
 Adenovirus, RSV 1 (3.7)   
 Virus influenza B, HCoV-229E 1 (3.7)   
 Adenovirus, enterovirus 1 (3.7)   
 Enterovirus, HCoV-HKU1 1 (3.7)   
 Virus A(H1N1)pdm09, HCoV-OC43 1 (3.7)   
 PIV1, rhinovirus 1 (3.7)   
 Adenovirus, norovirus 2   1 (33.3)  
Total coinfection 27 (84.4)   3 (43)  
Total 32 (100)   7 (100)  
  1. n1 number of bocavirus cases among patients with ILI, N1 number of ILI cases, n2 number of bocavirus cases among patients with diarrhea, N2 number of diarrhea cases, CI confidence interval, m months, y years, n number of bocavirus, ND No data, HCoV-229E coronavirus 229E, HCoV-HKU1 Coronavirus HKU1, HCoV-OC43 Coronavirus OC43, PIV1 parainfluenza virus 1