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Table 1 Comparison of accidental and non-accidental trauma in the upper Midwest

From: Rural versus urban pediatric non-accidental trauma: different patients, similar outcomes

  Accidental trauma (N = 769) Non-accidental trauma (N = 88) P valuea
Age (y), mean (SD) 7.7 (4.2) 2.6 (3.2) < 0.001
Male, N (%) 510 (66.3) 50 (56.8) 0.076
ISS, median (CI) 4 (4, 4) 9 (9, 9) < 0.001
LOS days, mean (SD) 3.0 (5.6) 4.8 (9.8) 0.011
Mortality, N (%) 8 (1.0) 5 (5.7) 0.001
Mechanism of injury blunt, N (%) 706 (92.5) 87 (98.9) 0.026
Urban versus rural, N (%)    0.037
 Urban 361 (92.1) 31 (7.9)  
 Rural 408 (87.7) 57 (12.3)  
Payer group, N (%)    0.010
 Government 246 (32.3) 43 (48.9)  
 Commercial 447 (62.4) 40 (45.5)  
 Uninsured 41 (5.4) 5 (5.7)  
  1. ISS injury severity score, LOS length of (hospital) stay, y years
  2. aChi2 test for categorical variables, Student’s T test for comparison of means and Mann–Whitney test for comparison of medians