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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of Sudanese pregnant women based on the presence or absence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)

From: Helicobacter pylori infection, gestational diabetes mellitus and insulin resistance among pregnant Sudanese women

Variables GDM N = 20 NO GDM N = 146 P value
Age (median) years 26.5 27 0.786
Residence
 Urban 15 108 0.922
 Rural 5 38
Education
 Less than secondary 4 29 0.989
 More than secondary 16 117
Job
 Housewife 15 111 0.920
 Employed 5 35
Gravidity(median) 1 2 0.253
Parity (median) 0 0 0.736
Gestational age (median)/week 26 26 0.552
BMI (median) kg/m2 26.24 26.8 0.590
Fasting blood sugar mean (sd) mg/dl 77.3 (16.4) 67.5 (10.5) 0.010
1 h post prandial (median) mg/dl 164.5 129 < 0.001
2 h post prandial (median) mg/dl 163 110 < 0.001
H. Pylori positive 9 10 0.038
Haemoglobin (median) g/dl 10.9 10.9 0.873
Log HOMA-B mean (sd)% 1.7 (0.6) 1.99 (0.5) 0.028
Log QUICKI (median) 0.62 0.62 0.403