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Table 1 Characteristics of patients enrolled for medication reconciliation by discrepancy status at Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, February–May, 2017

From: Magnitude and factors associated with medication discrepancies identified through medication reconciliation at care transitions of a tertiary hospital in eastern Ethiopia

Characteristics Categories Medication discrepancy status
No discrepancy—frequency (%) (n = 292) Had at least one discrepancy—frequency (%) (n = 119)
Sex Male 127 (43.5) 55 (46.2)
Female 165 (56.5) 64 (53.8)
Age (years) < 5 54 (18.5) 19 (16.0)
5–14 38 (13.0) 28 (23.5)
15–25 63 (21.6) 26 (21.8)
26–35 79 (27.1) 26 (21.8)
36–65 23 (7.9) 8 (6.7)
> 65 35 (12.0) 12 (10.5)
Religion Muslim 246 (84.2) 98 (82.4)
Orthodox 33 (11.3) 4 (3.4)
Protestant 13 (4.5) 17 (14.3)
Residency Urban 108 (37.0) 42 (35.3)
Rural 184 (63.0) 77 (64.7)
Marital status Single or under age 110 (37.7) 53 (44.5)
Married 163 (55.8) 64 (53.8)
Divorced 10 (3.4) 2 (1.7)
Widowed 9 (3.10) 0 (0.0)
Educational level Illiterate or basic 182 (62.3) 75 (63.0)
Primary 83 (28.4) 34 (28.6)
Secondary or higher 27 (9.2) 10 (8.4)
Ethnicity Oromo 231 (79.1) 96 (80.7)
Amhara 24 (8.2) 14 (11.8)
Adare 23 (7.9) 3 (2.5)
Othersa 14 (4.8) 6 (5.1)
Ward of admission Medical 81 (27.7) 54 (45.4)
Pediatric 92 (31.5) 44 (37.0)
Obstetrics and gynecology 45 (15.5) 9 (7.6)
Surgical 74 (25.3) 12 (10.1)
Reason for admission Respiratory and infectious diseases 83 (28.4) 32 (26.9)
Cardiovascular diseases 15 (5.1) 34 (28.6)
Malnutrition diseases 40 (13.7) 12 (10.1)
Obstetrics and Gynecologic diseases 70 (24.0) 12 (10.1)
Surgical and accidental diseases 31 (10.6) 5 (4.2)
Othersb 53 (18.2) 24 (20.2)
Medications Antimicrobials and drugs for wound care 420 (75.0) 140 (25.0)
Cardiovascular drugs 18 (15.0) 106 (85.0)
Drugs for malnutrition therapy 91 (95.8) 4 (4.2)
Hematologic drugs 68 (90.7) 7 (9.3)
Drugs for liver disease therapies 33 (73.3) 12 (26.7)
Obstetric and gynecologic therapies 32 (91.4) 3 (8.6)
Othersc 71 (73.2) 26 (26.8)
Duration of hospitalization (days) < 5 150 (51.4) 18 (15.3)
5–10 113 (38.7) 66 (55.9)
11–15 25 (8.6) 26 (22.0)
> 15 4 (1.4) 8 (6.8)
  1. aMinor ethnic groups to the study area (e.g., Tigrie, Guraghe, Argoba, Somali, Sidama, etc.)
  2. bRenal, liver, hematologic, gastrointestinal, and endocrine diseases
  3. cDrugs used to treat respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal and endocrine disease conditions