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Table 3 Factors associated with the medication discrepancy at Hiwot Fana Specialized University Hospital, February–May, 2017

From: Magnitude and factors associated with medication discrepancies identified through medication reconciliation at care transitions of a tertiary hospital in eastern Ethiopia

Variable COR [95% CI] P-values AOR [95% CI] P-values
Ward of patient admission
Medical 1   1  
Pediatric 0.76 [0.46–1.25] 0.28 1.73 [0.53–5.68] 0.36
Surgical 0.27 [0.12–0.59] 0.001 0.27 [0.10–0.74] 0.01*
Obstetrics and gynecology 0.24 [0.12–0.49] < 0.001 0.59 [0.22–1.57] 0.29
Drug category
Antimicrobials and drugs for wound care 1   1  
Cardiovascular drugs 6.64 [3.3–13.2] < 0.001 5.69 [2.4–13.62] < 0.001*
Drugs for malnutrition treatment 0.23 [0.07–0.79] 0.02 0.13 [0.03–0.52] 0.004*
Hematologic drugs 0.55 [0.20–1.49] 0.24 0.39 [0.11–1.41] 0.15
Drugs for liver disease treatment 1.74 [0.64–4.69] 0.27 1.07 [0.32–3.56] 0.91
Drugs for obstetric conditions 0.21 [0.03–1.64] 0.14 0.25 [0.03–2.33] 0.22
Othersa 1.23 [0.53–2.85] 0.63 1.38 [0.49–3.87] 0.54
Duration of patient hospitalization (days)
< 5 1   1  
5–10 4.86 [2.74–8.65] < 0.001 5.69 [2.97–10.9] < 0.001*
11–15 8.67 [4.16–18.0] < 0.001 9.11 [3.84–21.63] < 0.001*
> 15 16.6 [4.56–60.9] < 0.001 28.0 [6.17–127.0] < 0.001*
  1. * Statistically significant difference
  2. aDrugs used to treat respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal and endocrine conditions