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Table 1 Environmental characteristics of model and non-model families in Woreda Laelai Maichew, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Factors associated with latrine utilization among model and non-model families in Laelai Maichew Woreda, Aksum, Tigray, Ethiopia: comparative community based study

Variables Categories Model Non-model Total (%)
Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Maintenance Required 250 (79.9) 272 (86.9) 522 (83.4)
Not required 63 (20.1) 41 (13.1) 104 (16.6)
Supper structure No 180 (57.5) 207 (66.1) 387 (61.8)
With wood 64 (20.4) 59 (18.8) 123 (19.6)
Plastered with mud 69 (22.0) 47 (15.0) 116 (18.6)
Material used Cement 35 (11.1) 12 (3.8) 47 (7.5)
Earth with sand 152 (48.4) 196 (62.4) 348 (55.6)
Wood with planks 105 (33.4) 93 (29.6) 198 (31.6)
Mixed 21 (6.7) 12 (3.8) 33 (5.3)
Latrine location Inside the compound 304 (96.8) 296 (94.6) 600 (95.8)
Outside the compound 9 (2.9) 17 (5.4) 26 (4.2)
Distance from house (m) 10–15 244 (77.7) 219 (70.0) 463 (74.0)
16–20 52 (16.6) 67 (21.3) 119 (19.0)
21–25 16 (5.1) 25 (8.0) 41 (6.5)
> 25 1 (0.3) 2 (0.6) 3 (0.5)
Privacy No privacy 151 (48.2) 211 (67.4) 362 (57.8)
Poor privacy 74 (23.6) 63 (20.1) 137 (21.9)
Adequate privacy 88 (28.2) 39 (12.4) 127 (20.3)
Cleanness No 214 (68.4) 254 (81.2) 468 (74.8)
Yes 99 (31.6) 59 (18.8) 158 (25.2)
Water availability near latrine No 242 (77.3) 266 (85.0) 508 (81.2)
Yes 71 (22.7) 47 (15.0) 118 (18.8)
Motivational factors for latrine utilization Health extension 130 (41.5) 133 (42.5) 263 (42.0)
Local leaders 63 (20.1) 66 (21.1) 129 (20.6)
Disease prevention 43 (13.7) 32 (10.2) 75 (12.0)
Neighbor 19 (6.1) 6 (1.9) 25 (4.0)
Volunteer community 16 (5.1) 19 (6.1) 35 (5.6)
Mixed 42 (13.4) 57 (18.2) 99 (15.8)
Supportive supervisory by Woreda health office No 9 (2.9) 12 (3.8) 21 (3.5)
Yes 304 (97.1) 301 (96.2) 605 (96.5)
Number of visit by Woreda health office No observation 9 (2.9) 12 (3.8) 21 (3.5)
1 times per month 30 (9.6) 34 (10.9) 64 (10.2)
1–2 times per month 143 (45.5) 129 (41.2) 272 (43.5)
3–4 times per month 131 (41.7) 138 (44.1) 269 (43.0)
Information on control and prevention of diseases No 6 (1.9) 31 (9.9) 37 (5.9)
Yes 307 (98.1) 282 (89.8) 589 (94.1)
Sources of information Health extension 144 (46.0) 195 (62.3) 339 (57.1)
From TV 3 (1.0) 8 (2.6) 11 (1.9)
From members families 10 (3.2) 16 (5.3) 26 (4.3)
From radio 35 (11.1) 20 (6.4) 55 (9.3)
Mixed 121 (38.7) 42 (13.4) 163 (27.4)