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Table 3 Predictors of hypothermia on neonates in hospitals of Central Zone Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017

From: Determinants of hypothermia on neonates admitted to the intensive care unit of public hospitals of Central Zone, Tigray, Ethiopia 2017: unmatched case–control study

Variables Category Cases Controls COR [95% CI] AOR [95% CI]
n = 88 (%) n = 176 (%)
Residence Urban 42 (47.7) 105 (59.7) 1 1
Rural 46 (53.3) 71 (40.3) 1.620 (0.967, 2.712) 1.308 (0.500, 3.425)
Bathing in 24 h Yes 49 (55.7) 36 (20.5) 4.886 (2.797, 8.534) 10.06 (3.862, 26.219)a
No 39 (44.3) 140 (79.5) 1 1
Skin to skin contact Yes 48 (54.5) 151 (85.8) 1 1
No 40 (45.5) 25 (14.2) 5.033 (2.774, 9.134) 6.225 (2.523, 15.358)a
Initiation of breastfeeding Immediately 19 (21.6) 90 (51.1) 1 1
Within 1 h 16 (18.2) 36 (20.5) 2.105 (0.976, 4.543) 2.603 (1.87, 7.970)a
After 1 h 53 (60.2) 50 (28.4) 5.021 (2.68, 9.407) 7.231 (2.753, 18.93)a
CPR Yes 18 (20.5) 30 (17.0) 1.553 (0.796, 3.032) 2.858 (0.859, 9.510)
No 70 (79.5) 146 (83.0) 1 1
Complication Yes 27 (30.7) 42 (23.9) 1.721 (0.961, 3.032) 2.282 (0.636, 8.180)
No 61 (69.3) 134 (76.1) 1 1
APGAR at 5 min < 7 48 (54.5) 43 (24.4) 3.712 (2.515, 6.385) 3.712 (1.568, 8.788)a
≥ 7 40 (45.5) 133 (75.6) 1 1
Type of pregnancy Single 80 (90.9) 169 (90.0) 1 1
Twin+ 8 (9.1) 7 (4.0) 0.414 (0.145, 1182) 0.607 (0.240, 1.534)
Mode of delivery Spontaneous 65 (73.9) 142 (80.7) 1 1
Instrumental 9 (10.2) 19 (10.8) 0.966 (0.415, 2.251) 1.143 (0.257, 5.084)
C/s 14 (15.9) 15 (8.5) 0.490 (0.224, 1.076) 0.638 (0.154, 2.642)
Time of born Day 27 (30.7) 101 (57.4) 1 1
Night 61 (69.3) 75 (42.6) 3.042 (1.768, 5.235) 6.252 (2.585, 15.123)a
Gestational age < 37 weeks 27 (30.7) 20 (11.4) 3.452 (1.803, 6.611) 3.689 (1.359, 10.012)a
≥ 37 weeks 61 (69.3) 156 (88.6) 1 1
Wight < 2500 g 30 (34.1) 18 (10.2) 4.54 (2.353, 8.760) 8.513 (2.711, 26.726)
≥ 2500 g 58 (65.9) 158 (89.8) 1 1
  1. aThis symbol is an indictor to show significant association with outcome variable