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Table 1 Distribution of socio demographic characteristics among mothers who gave birth in public hospitals of central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Risk factors of preterm birth among mothers who gave birth in public hospitals of central zone, Tigray, Ethiopia: unmatched case–control study 2017/2018

Variable Category Cases Control Total
Residence Urban 46 (52.3%) 98 (55.7%) 144 (54.5%)
Rural 42 (47.7%) 78 (44.3%) 120 (45.5%)
Age of the mother ≥ 19 9 (10.2%) 16 (9.1%) 25 (9.5%)
20–24 31 (35.2%) 51 (29%) 82 (31.1%)
25–29 14 (15.9%) 53 (30.1%) 67 (25.4%)
30–34 16 (18.2%) 31 (17.6%) 47 (17.8%)
≥ 35 18 (20.5%) 25 (14.2%) 43 (16.3%)
Educational status Can’t read and right 25 (28.4%) 46 (26.1%) 71 (26.9%)
Read and right 8 (9.1%) 20 (11.4%) 28 (10.6%)
Primary school 21 (23.9%) 39 (22.2%) 60 (22.7%)
Secondary school 26 (29.5%) 46 (26.1%) 72 (27.3%)
College and above 8 (9.1%) 25 (14.2%) 33 (12.5%)
Marital status Unmarried 6 (6.8%) 10 (5.7%) 16 (6.1%)
Married 79 (89.8%) 161 (91.5%) 240 (90.9%)
Widowed/divorced 3 (3.4%) 5 (2.8%) 8 (3%)
Religion Orthodox 80 (90.9%) 166 (94.3%) 246 (93.2%)
Muslim 8 (9.1%) 10 (5.7%) 18 (6.8%)
Occupational status Housewife 60 (68.2%) 131 (74.4%) 191 (72.3%)
Governmental employee 10 (11.4%) 17 (9.7%) 27 (10.2%)
Private employee 9 (10.2%) 10 (5.7%) 19 (7.2%)
Daily/farmer/other 9 (10.2%) 18 (10.2%) 27 (10.2%)