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Table 1 Basic characteristics of 7 rehabilitation centers

From: Psychological features of abstinent heroin users before and after rehabilitation in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Organization # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Religious affiliation Baptist Russian orthodox No Protestant Russian orthodox Baptist Russian orthodox
Funding NGO NGO GO NGO NGO NGO NGO
Year of foundation 2004 2000 2000 2004 2000 2005 1998
N (males) 50 8 9 23 26 26 2
N (females) 37 1 12 NA NA 3 NA
Length of rehabilitation Short Long
In-patient rehab (days) 60 42 30 240 180 180 450
Post rehab staya (days) 180 90 NA 180 180 120 NA
HIV test at admission No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Interaction with
 Detox centers + + + + + +  
 Centers for AIDS   + + + + + +
 Infectious departments   + + + + +  
Approaches
 12 steps   + +   +   
 Churching + +   + + + +
 Movie-therapy + + + + + + +
 Art-therapy   + +   +   
 Psychotherapy   +   + + +  
 Work with the family + + + + + + +
 Relapse program   + + + +   +
 Adaptation apartments + +    + + +
  1. NA, not applicable; N, number of participants recruited in each center; GO, governmental funding; NGO, non-governmental; 1, Good Samaritan; 2, Megapolis-Medexpress; 3, City Narcological Clinic; 4, Night shelter ‘Mercy house’; 5, Diaconia; 6, Liberation; 7, St. George’s Parish
  2. aPost rehab stay = in some centers patients were able to stay after the rehabilitation period was over. In this study participants were tested before and straight after the obligatory part of rehabilitation (“in-patient rehab”). + means “yes”