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Table 2 Analysis of Risk factors for bacteremia caused by ESBL-producing group versus ESBL-nonproducing E. coli or Klebsiella spp.

From: Clinical epidemiology, risk factors and treatment outcomes of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae bacteremia among children in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  Non ESBL ESBL P-value Crude odds ratio 95% CI Adjusted odds ratio 95% CI
Use of any antibiotics within previous 1 mo 15 (33.3) 38 (73.1) < 0.05 5.4 2.3–13.0 2.7 0.8–9.3
Use of extended-spectrum cephalosporin within previous 1 mo 7 (15.6) 27 (51.9) < 0.05 5.8 2.2–15.5 2.4 0.7–9.0
Neutropenia (ANC < 500) 8 (17.8) 17 (34) 0.077 2.4 0.9–6.2 2.5 0.9–7.5
Presence of an indwelling central venous catheter 11 (34.4) 21 (40.4) 0.099 2.1 0.9–5.1 1.6 0.6–4.8