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Table 2 Sample wise distribution of CR bacteria isolates

From: A systematic review: the current status of carbapenem resistance in East Africa

Country Sample source CR prevalence Species Refs
Kenya Urine
Blood
Wounds
Respiratory tract specimens various other specimens
3/57 = 5% (urine)
4/57 = 7% (blood)
17/57 = 30% (wound/pus)
30/47 = 53% (respiratory)
3/57 = 5% (various other specimens)
P. aeruginosa [22]
Kenya Blood (190) 44/190 = 23.2% K. pneumoniae [24]
Kenya Respiratory tract specimens
Bone marrow aspirate cerebrospinal fluid
Catheter tip
Axillary swab
Nasal swab
Urine
Blood
Debrided tissue samples
10/16 = 55.6% (respiratory)







A. baumanii [25]
Kenya Blood (195) 25/195 = 12.8% K. pneumoniae [27]
Kenya Urine (121) 1/17 = 5.9% K. pneumoniae [28]
Uganda Urine
Blood
Stool
Wound/pus
Peritoneol fluid
Others
23%
27%
18%
14%
10%
8%
E. coli, K. pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella spp, Morganella morganii, Enterobacter sakazaki and Stenotrophomonas spp [31]
Uganda Blood (51), cerebral spinal fluid (49), Tracheal aspirates (163), Ear swabs (197), Sputum (204), Urine catheters (98) and Pus (107) 3/42 = 7.14% (wound/Pus)
3/42 = 7.14% (Sputum)
3/42 = 7.14% (Tracheal)
1/42 = 2.4% (Ear swab)
P. aeruginose [32]
4/29 = 13.8% (Tracheal)
3/29 = 10.35% (Ear swap)
1/29 = 3.45% (Sputum)
1/29 = 3.45% (Cerebral Spinal fluid)
A. baumanii
Tanzania Blood and pus 5/90 = 5.6% Wound/Pus
3/90 = 3.3% Blood
P. aeruginose [34]
Tanzania Pus (112), urine (56), blood (55), aspirate (3), and sputum (1). 22/56 = 39.29% (Urine)
20/55 = 36.36% (Blood)
37/112 = 33.04% (wound/Pus)
K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, K. oxytoca A. baumannii, Citrobacter
freundii, Serratia marcescens and Salmonella spp
[35]
Ethiopia Urine (24)
Blood (9)
4/24 = 17% (urine)
0/9 = 0% (blood)
K. pneumoniae and Morganella morgani [37]
Ethiopia Feces (267) 5/267 = 2% (feces) K. pneumoniae
E. coli
[38]
DRC Urine (104) 1/104 = 0.96% (urine) Enterobacter spp [39]