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Table 3 Factors associated with depression (bivariate and multivariate logistic regression) among prisoners in Hawassa central correctional institution, SNNPR, Ethiopia (n = 335)

From: Factors associated with depression among prisoners in southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Explanatory variables Depression COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P-value
Yes No
Age
 18–25 81 61 1   
 26–33 70 49 5.311 (0.579, 48.727)   
 34–41 28 24 5.714 (0.620, 52.693)   
 42–49 9 8 4.667 (0.488, 44.637)   
 50–57 1 4 4.500 (0.413, 49.077)   
Educational status
 Illiterate 55 45 0.694 (0.357, 1.349)   
 Primary education 51 33 0.877 (0.439, 1.752)   
 High school 46 47 0.555 (0.284, 1.088)   
 College and above 37 21 1   
Participating in income generating activity inside prison
 Yes 44 54 1   
 No 145 92 0.517 (0.321, 0.832) 0.531 (0.322, 0.877) 0.013*
Past history of cigarette smoking
 Yes 24 10 1.978 (0.914, 4.280)   
 No 165 136 1   
Past history of Khat chewing
 Yes 36 12 2.627 (1.314, 5.255) 2.478 (1.049, 5.857) 0.039*
 No 153 134 1   
Chronic diseasea
 Yes 39 12 2.903 (1.460, 5.775) 2.621 (1.291, 5.323) 0.008*
 No 150 134 1   
Duration of imprisonment (years)
 < 1 69 56 1   
 1–5 71 64 0.654 (0.362, 1.182)   
 > 5 49 26 0.589 (0.328, 1.055)   
  1. * P-value ≤ 0.05 (significant association)
  2. aAny of diseases like cardiac, HTN, DM, HIVAIDS, liver or kidney diseases