Skip to main content

Table 2 Service costs at 12 months follow-up (previous 4 weeks)

From: Medical and social costs after using financial incentives to improve medication adherence: results of a 1 year randomised controlled trial

  Intervention group
n (%) patients
Average costs
(SD)
Control group
n (%) patients
Average costs
(SD)
Medical costs related to psychiatric treatment
 Contact with a caregiver from a regional institute for outpatient mental healthcare 58 (91%) 410.1 (532.5) 60 (87%) 269.9 (361.1)
 Contact with a psychiatrist, psychologist or psychotherapist at a private (group) practice 5 (8%) 12.1 (55.3) 17 (25%) 33.5 (78.3)
 Contact with a psychiatrist, psychologist or psychotherapist (i.e. outpatient visit in hospital) 2 (3%) 2.9 (16.7) 3 (4%) 4.1 (19.5)
 Contact with a clinic for alcohol and drugs 1 (1%) 0.9 (7.5)
 Participation in a self-help group 3 (5%) 17.2 (93.4) 1 (1%) 1.7 (13.9)
 Day- or part-time psychiatric hospital treatment 1 (1%) 4.0 (33.5)
 Psychiatric hospitalisation 3 (5%) 613.3 (2788.7) 3 (4%) 433.1 (2284.4)
 Intervention costs financial incentives 64 (100%) 28.6 (3.2) 0 (0%) 0 (0.0)
Subtotal average sum
Excluding hospitalisation
  1062.9 (3031.5)
449.6 (530.4)
  788.8 (2379.3)
355.7 (463.9
Medical costs related to other healthcare services
 Contact with a general practitioner 16 (25%) 8.8 (15.8) 22 (32%) 15.5 (28.2)
 Contact with a company doctor 1 (1%) 0.5 (4.1) 1 (1%) 0.5 (4.0)
 Contact with a medical specialist (i.e. outpatient visit in hospital) 3 (5%) 4.3 (19.6) 9 (13%) 14.7 (40.6)
 Contact with a physiotherapist 2 (3%) 4.6 (33.2) 2 (3%) 3.3 (21.3)
 Contact with a social worker 9 (14%) 20.6 (64.8) 12 (17%) 50.6 (241.9)
 Home care 5 (8%) 16.6 (60.9) 5 (7%) 10.7 (43.2)
 Contact with an alternative healer
 Day- or part-time treatment 1 (1%) 32.2 (267.7)
 Hospitalisation 4 (6%) 494.8 (2246.4) 3 (4%) 407.2 (2263.5)
Subtotal average sum
Excluding hospitalisation
  529.6 (2241.7)
52.0 (117.8)
  484.0 (2266.6)
78.4 (278.4)
Total costs
Excluding hospitalization
64 (100%) 1592.5 (3700.7)
484.4 (538.9)
69 (100%) 1272.8 (3223.7)
432.5 (536.1)