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Table 3 Factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among DM patients in Arba Minch Hospital from March–May, 2017

From: Intestinal parasitosis and associated factors among diabetic patients attending Arba Minch Hospital, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Number examined Rate of IPIs (%) COR (95%CI) p-value AOR (95%CI) p-value
Age
 16–25 28 2 (0.9)     
 26–35 75 14 (6.5) 0.335 (0.071–1.581) 0.167 0.012 (0.001–0.168) 0.061
 36–45 80 17 (7.9) 0.285 (0.061–1.323) 0.109 0.357 (0.107–1.188) 0.093
 ≥ 46 32 9 (4.2) 0.197 (0.038–1.005) 0.051 0.431 (0.144–1.285) 0.131
Sex
 Male 122 27 (12.6) 0.677 (0.336–1.361) 0.273   
 Female 93 15 (6.9)     
Marital status
 Single 70 17 (7.9)     
 Married 145 25 (11.6) 1.540 (0.768–3.087) 0.224 2.101 (0.987–4.471) 0.054
Educational status
 Un able to read and write 42 11 (5.1) 0.626 (0.270–1.453) 0.276   
 Primary 63 11 (5.1) 1.051 (0.467–2.364) 0.905   
 Secondary and above 110 20 (9.3)     
Occupation
 Governm’t 58 8 (3.7) 1.389 (0.504–3.825) 0.525   
 Merchant 56 11 (5.1) 0.909 (0.351–2.353) 0.844   
 Farmer and labor 26 10 (4.7) 0.356 (0.125–1.012) 0.053 3.695 (1.082–12.618) 0.037
 Student 20 3 (1.4) 1.259 (0.309–5.136) 0.748   
 Housewife 55 10 (4.7)     
Residence
 Urban 181 33 (15.3)     
 Rural 34 9 (4.2) 0.619 (0.265–1.449) 0.269   
Food source
 At home 185 36 (16.7) 1.035 (0.394–2.718) 0.945   
 From hotel 30 6 (2.8)     
Habit of eating raw vegetables
 Yes 175 34 (15.8) 1.037 (0.439–2.451) 0.934   
 No 40 8 (3.7)     
Water source
 Pipe water 211 40 (18.6)     
 River/other 4 2 (0.9) 0.234 (0.032–1.711) 0.152 0.173 (0.018–1.645) 0.127
Swimming habit
 Yes 37 7 (3.3) 1.049 (0.426–2.585) 0.917   
 No 178 35 (16.3)     
Domestic animal at home
 Yes 80 22 (10.2) 2.181 (1.102–4.317) 0.025 2.857 (1.290–6.330) 0.010
 No 135 20 (9.3)     
Washing hands after toilet
 Yes 180 33 (15.3)     
 No 35 9 (4.2) 1.542 (0.661–3.596) 0.316   
Abdominal pain
 Yes 62 19 (8.8) 2.497 (1.242–5.022) 0.010 3.716 (1.632–8.459) 0.002
 No 153 23 (10.7)