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Table 1 Recurrent non-specific low back pain and socio-demographic associated factors (N = 90)

From: The burden of low back pain among undergraduate physiotherapy students at the University of Zimbabwe: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Frequency, n LBP n (%) No LBP n (%) Chi square P value
Gender
 Male 29 13 (44.8) 16 (55.2) X2(1) = 0.63 0.43
 Female 61 22 (36.1) 39 (63.9)
Age (years)
 19 3 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) \({\text{X}}_{{({\text{linear}}\;{\text{trend}})}}^{2}\) = 8.38 0.21
 20 17 3 (17.6) 14 (82.4)
 21 17 8 (47.1) 9 (52.9)
 22 33 13 (39.4) 20 (60.6)
 23 11 5 (45.5) 6 (54.5)
 24 8 5 (62.5) 3 (37.5)
 25 1 0 (0) 1 (100)
Year of study
 First year 21 5 (23.8) 16 (76.2) X2(3) = 2.03 0.57
 Second year 14 6 (42.9) 8 (57.1)
 Third year 28 11 (39.3) 17 (60.7)
 Fourth year 27 13 (48.1) 14 (51.9)
Place of residence
 UZ residence 52 26 (50.0) 26 (50.0) X2(1) = 6.40 0.01
 Outside UZ residence 38 9 (23.7) 29 (76.3)
  1. UZ University of Zimbabwe