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Table 1 Genetic diversity estimates of Chimpanzees with PowerPlex® 21 System (Promega, USA)

From: Functional validation of human-specific PowerPlex® 21 System (Promega, USA) in chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)

Locus Na Ne Ho He UHe F
AMEL 2.00 1.80 1.00 0.44 0.53 − 1.25
D3S1358 3.00 2.57 1.00 0.61 0.73 − 0.64
D1S1656* 5.00 4.50 1.00 0.78 0.93 − 0.29
D6S1043+ 4.00 3.00 1.00 0.67 0.80 − 0.50
D13S317 3.00 2.57 1.00 0.61 0.73 − 0.64
Penta E 2.00 1.38 0.66 0.28 0.33 − 1.40
D16S539+ 4.00 3.60 1.00 0.72 0.87 − 0.39
D18S51 2.00 2.00 1.00 0.50 0.60 − 1.00
D2S1338* 5.00 4.50 1.00 0.78 0.93 − 0.29
CSF1PO 2.00 1.80 1.00 0.44 0.53 − 1.25
Penta D 2.00 1.38 1.00 0.28 0.33 − 2.60
TH01 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.00 #N/A
vWA 2.00 1.38 0.67 0.28 0.33 − 1.40
D21S11+ 4.00 3.60 0.67 0.72 0.87 0.08
D7S820 3.00 2.57 1.00 0.61 0.73 − 0.64
TPOX 2.00 1.38 1.00 0.28 0.33 − 2.60
D8S1179 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.50 0.60 − 1.00
D19S433* 5.00 4.50 0.67 0.78 0.93 0.14
FGA+ 4.00 3.60 1.00 0.72 0.87 − 0.39
Mean (SE) 3.05 ± 0.28 2.58 ± 0.26 0.93 ± 0.03 0.52 ± 0.05 0.63 ± 0.06 − 0.89 ± 0.17
  1. Where, Na, the Observed number of alleles; Ne, the effective number of alleles; Ho, observed heterozygosity; He, expected heterozygosity; UHe, unbiased expected heterozygosity; F, fixation index
  2. Loci with star (*) and plus (+) notion were relatively more heterozygous and can be used in discriminating genealogical relationship