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Table 3 Prevalence of anemia by socio-demographic, obstetric and other characteristics of pregnant women at Debre Berhan Referral Hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia, October to January 2015

From: Anemia and other hematological profiles of pregnant women attending antenatal care in Debre Berhan Referral Hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia

Variables Anemic status COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Anemic (%) Non anemic (%)
Age
 < 20 5 (11.6%) 38 (88.4%) 17.6 (1.99, 155.5) 29.5 (1.99, 436.7)*
 20–25 2 (1.9%) 104 (98.1%) 2.58 (0.231, 28.8) 5.24 (0.35, 78.8)
 ≥ 26 1 (0.74%) 134 (99.26%) 1 1
BMI
 < 19.8 2 (8.3%) 22 (81.7%) 3.8 (0.73, 20.2) 4.15 (0.55, 31.2)
 ≥ 19.8 6 (2.3%) 254 (97.7%) 1 1
Marital status
 Single 1 (11.1%) 8 (89.9%) 4.79 (0.53, 43.6) 5.86 (0.43, 78.8)
 Married 7 (2.5%) 268 (97.5%) 1 1
Residence
 Urban 5 (2.3%) 209 (97.7%) 0.53 (0.12, 2.3) 0.66 (0.09, 4.86)
 Rural 3 (4.3%) 67 (95.7%) 1 1
Educational status
 Illiterate 1 (1.8%) 54 (98.2%) 0.82 (0.26, 4.7) 0.62 (0.03, 11.59)
 Primary 3 (6.1%) 46 (93.9%) 2.9 (0.62, 13.3) 2.87 (0.35, 23.61)
 Secondary and above 4 (2.2%) 176 (97.8%) 1 1
Gestational age
 1st trimester 0 46 (100%) 000 000
 2nd trimester 5 (5%) 95 (95%) 2.37 (0.55, 10.2) 1.49 (0.26, 8.64)
 3rd trimester 3 (2.2%) 135 (97.8%) 1 1
Parity
 Para 0 5 (3.3%) 146 (96.7%) 1.48 (0.35, 6.33) 0.34 (0.05, 2.46)
 Para 1+ 3 (2.3%) 130 (97.7%) 1 1
Age of last child
 ≤ 2 1 (5.3%) 18 (94.7%) 3.2 (0.28, 37.6)  
 > 2 2 (1.8%) 112 (98.2%) 1  
Number of ANC visit
 1 3 (2.6%) 111 (97.4%) 1.2 (0.19, 7.27) 1.18 (0.06, 23.64)
 2 3 (3.8%) 77 (96.2%) 1.7 (0.28, 10.5) 1.99 (0.21, 18.39)
 3+ 2 (2.2%) 88 (97.8%) 1 1
Taking iron supplements
 Yes 5 (2.9%) 166 (97.1%) 1.1 (0.26, 4.7) 0.72 (0.06, 8.29)
 No 3 (2.7%) 110 (97.3%) 1 1
  1. Italic data denote some significances
  2. (N = 284)
  3. ANC antenatal care, BMI body mass index
  4. * P-value < 0.05