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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of TB cases (n = 769) in Northern Ethiopia, 2012–2016

From: Time to death and risk factors among tuberculosis patients in Northern Ethiopia

Variable Type of TB All TB cases (%)
SPPTB (%) SNPTB (%) EPTB (%)
Gender
 Male 80 (18.0) 120 (27.0) 245 (55.1) 445 (57.9)
 Female 42 (13.0) 79 (24.4) 203 (62.7) 324 (42.1)
Age (mean ± SD) in years [35.1 ± 16.9]
 ≤ 14 0 (0.0) 4 (9.3) 39 (90.7) 43 (5.6)
 15–24 33 (20.4) 42 (25.9) 87 (53.7) 162 (21.1)
 25–34 53 (26.1) 37 (18.2) 113 (55.7) 203 (26.4)
 35–44 26 (14.4) 43 (23.8) 112 (61.9) 181 (23.5)
 45–54 3 (4.3) 28 (40.6) 38 (55.1) 69 (9.0)
 55–64 0 (0.0) 11 (35.3) 20 (64.5) 31 (4.0)
 ≥ 65 7 (8.8) 34 (42.5) 39 (48.8) 80 (10.4)
Residence
 Rural 9 (8.8) 17 (16.7) 76 (74.5) 102 (13.3)
 Urban 113 (16.9) 182 (27.3) 372 (55.8) 667 (86.7)
HIV status
 Non-reactive 82 (17.3) 141 (29.7) 251 (53.0) 474 (61.6)
 Reactive 40 (13.6) 58 (19.7) 197 (66.8) 295 (38.4)
Year of treatment
 2012 4 (7.3) 25 (45.5) 26 (47.3) 55 (7.2)
 2013 76 (19.9) 101 (26.5) 204 (53.5) 381 (49.5)
 2014 31 (17.1) 34 (18.8) 116 (64.1) 181 (23.5)
 2015 8 (7.0) 32 (28.1) 74 (64.9) 114 (14.8)
 2016 3 (7.9) 7 (18.4) 28 (73.7) 38 (4.9)
Body weight at initial stage of treatment
 ≤ 14 0 (0.0) 2 (5.9) 32 (94.1) 34 (4.4)
 15–34 3 (8.3) 21 (58.3) 12 (33.3) 36 (4.7)
 35–44 38 (19.0) 59 (29.5) 103 (51.5) 200 (26.0)
 45–54 57 (16.3) 78 (22.3) 215 (61.4) 350 (45.5)
 ≥ 55 24 (16.1) 39 (26.2) 86 (57.7) 149 (19.4)
CPT
 No 11 (15.1) 18 (24.7) 44 (60.3) 73 (9.5)
 Yes 29 (12.9) 44 (19.6) 152 (67.6) 225 (29.3)
 Not candidate 82 (17.4) 137 (29.1) 252 (53.5) 471 (61.2)
ART
 Yes 29 (15.0) 37 (19.2) 127 (65.8) 193 (25.1)
 No 9 (11.4) 21 (25.6) 52 (63.4) 82 (10.7)
 Non-reactive 84 (17.1) 141 (28.7) 266 (54.2) 494 (64.2)
Patients category
 New 108 (15.3) 178 (25.2) 421 (59.5) 707 (91.9)
 Relapse/failure/default 8 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (1.0)
 Transfer in 6 (31.6) 9 (47.4) 4 (21.1) 19 (2.5)
 Others 0 (0.0) 12 (34.3) 23 (65.7) 35 (4.6)
  1. ART antiretroviral therapy, CPT cotrimoxazole prophylaxis therapy, EPTB extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, HIV human immune deficiency virus, SPPTB smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis, SNPTB smear negative pulmonary tuberculosis, SD standard deviation